Squaw Ridge Lava Bed Wilderness Study Area from Green Mountain Campground
View of the Squaw Ridge Lava Bed Wilderness Study Area from the Green Mountain Campground, July 21, 2017, by Greg Shine, BLM.
The Squaw Ridge Lava Bed Wilderness Study Area (WSA) is located approximately 80 miles southeast of Bend and 26 miles from State Highway 31 in Lake County, Oregon, and approximately 12 miles northeast of the town of Fort Rock.
The WSA contains 27,700 acres of Bureau of Land Management administered land, 640 acres of split-estate land, and a 320-acre state inholding near the eastern edge of the WSA.
The boundaries are described by high standard gravel roads on the south, private land and 1.5 miles of low standard dirt road on the west, low standard dirt road on the north, and low and high standard dirt roads on the east. Small portions of the east and north boundaries are formed along private land.
The WSA, roughly circular in shape, is dominated by an extremely rugged basalt flow which issued from Lava Mountain, and forms a flattened cone covering approximately two-thirds of the study area. Elevation ranges from 4,300 feet to 5,615 feet at the summit of Lava Mountain near the center of the WSA.
Vegetation consists primarily of western juniper, sagebrush, and bunchgrass on the lava flow, and western juniper and big rabbitbrush communities surrounding the flow. Mountain mahogany, aspen, and ponderosa pine also occur at various locations within the lava flow.
The WSA was studied under Section 603 of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act, and was included in the Final Oregon Wilderness Environmental Impact Statement filed in February of 1990.
The WSA offers exceptional opportunities for primitive and unconfined recreation such as hiking, backpacking, tent-camping, sightseeing, photography, caving, and exploring the lava features present throughout the WSA.
Hiking within the lava flow is challenging due to the rough and irregular surface. The area outside the lava flow offer less rugged terrain for camping, and easier access for recreation.
Bureau of Land Management, Lakeview District
1301 South G Street
Lakeview, OR 97630