Artizen HDR Lock05.
Guildford Castle is an 11th century earthwork motte and bailey
fortress, founded by William the Conqueror. In the early 12th century,
King Henry I founded the stone castle when adding a polygonal shell
keep to the motte. In the 1130s, a two storey square keep, was built
on the slope of the motte, flanking the shell keep and an outer bailey
added, encased by a ditch. In the 13th century, King Henry III ordered
many improvements to the domestic buildings and the outer bailey was
extend, flanked by a new gatehouse. In the 14th century, the royal
residence in the outer bailey, known has The Palace and was detached
from the castle, by a palisade and ditch. By 1379, all the castle had
fallen into disrepair, except for the king's great chamber and the
great tower, which continued to be the county gaol.
In 1611 the castle was bought by a Guildford merchant, Francis Carter, who attempted to convert the keep into a private residence. This proved unsuccessful, and in 1630 the roof and floors were removed. In 1885 the ruins were bought by Guildford Borough Council who turned the castle into a park.