Elmina Castle was built by Portugal in 1482. It was built in an effort to strengthen their monopoly in trade on the west coast of Africa. Included in this group of Portugese builders was Christopher Columbus, who it is said stopped here on his voyage to the Americas in 1492. While it started out as a trading post, it later became one of the first focal points for the African and trans Atlantic slave trade. Mainly female slaves were kept here. Most male slaves were kept further down the coast at Cape Coast.
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