"Kraków - czas okupacji 1939-1945" - wystawa stała w nowym muzeum w Fabryce Schindlera.
One of the newest museums in Kraków was opened in June 2010 in the famous Schindler's Factory at Lipowa Street. The Emalia Factory (Deutsche Emailwarenfabrik), where Oskar Schindler manufactured tinware, sits on a broad stretch of a bending road among many plants and workshops in the industrial zone of Kraków. The story of its owner was brought into the limelight by Steven Spielberg in his 1993 “Schindler’s List” movie.
The Factory has been transformed into a new branch of the Historical Museum of he City of Kraków and hosts a permanent exhibition entitled 'Kraków under Nazi Occupation 1939–1945'. Its central figure is the city and its inhabitants, Polish and Jewish communities confronted with the German occupiers.
During the period 1939-1945, three Krakows existed side by side. There was a Kraków nur für Deutsche, a Kraków enclosed in a ghetto, and an Aryan Kraków.
The city's past has been recreated here in an evocative way. The labyrinthine structure, combined with the relatively small scale of the rooms, accentuates the claustrophobic feeling of a city under trial.
Visitors follow the progress of the occupation, beginning with the bombing of Poland in September 1939 and ending abruptly with the arrival of a second totalitarian power in January 1945, as embodied by Joseph Stalin.
The spectator voyeuristically wanders through the city: walking down the cobbled streets, he pops in at a photographer’s shop, peeps into an authentic stereoscope which used to belong to a pre-war studio on Szczepańska Street, boards a tram to watch a documentary portraying the everyday life of the city which is screened on the tram’s windows, walks through the narrow, labyrinthine streets of the Ghetto to visit a typical Jewish apartment, and then moves to the Płaszów concentration camp, together with the Ghetto residents. Looking through the windows of a hairdresser’s salon he watches the Polish Home Army’s attempt on the life of SS-Obergruppenführer Wilhelm Koppe. A moment later, looking through the window of a gloomy basement, he witnesses a street round-up, and finally, trapped in the fortified city, he waits for the Red Army to arrive. Documentary photographs, eyewitness accounts, film documentaries and multimedia presentations are put together to make a vivid, chronological vision of the city’s history.