Canterbury Cathedral, Kent
Canterbury Cathedral in Kent is the senior cathedral in England and Wales and the 'head office' of the Church of England and the Archbishop of Canterbury.
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The cathedral's first archbishop was St Augustine who founded it in 597 AD. Excavations under the nave floor in 1993 found the foundations of the first cathedral had been built over a Roman road, just as also happened at Bradwell in Essex. The Roman road would have provided a good foundation.
The building was extended in Saxon times but was damaged by a Danish raid in 1011 during which the Archbishop St Alphege was captured and later martyred. After the Norman Conquest the Archbishops became Norman/French and the building was expanded. In 1170 it was the scene of the murder of Archbishop Thomas Becket allegedly on the orders of King Henry II. Becket was later made a saint and his shrine at Canterbury became a major pilgrimage site for hundreds of years until King Henry VIII dissolved the monasteries.
Today it is a World Heritage Site and a stunning place to visit.