new icn messageflickr-free-ic3d pan white
Ceramic Hierarchy | by Travis S.
Back to photostream

Ceramic Hierarchy

The Maya and Teotihuacan

The development of the great Mayan cities had an enormous impact on Teotihuacan, the great urban center of Mexico that, since the year 500 BC had more than 125,000 inhabitants. In its period of greatest development it was the center of the Mesoamerican world and, as such, without doubt a factor in determining certain aspects of political and economic organization of the Maya area. Teotihuacan's influence is apparent in the headdress of some Mayan rulers, such as "Serpent of 18 heads" or "Serpent of war", a Teotihuacan deity.

 

According to the epigraphic research the relationships between Teotihuacan and the Mayan cities were of reciprocity and not from one having authority over the other. Some rulers said they were descendants of the dynasty of Tollan ("Place of Reeds"), to strengthen their political power and even made pilgrimages to the Valley of Mexico to legitimize their position. La importance of Teotihuacan is reflected in various aspects of material life of the Mayan cities. The architecture of the 3rd and 4th centuries AD adopted the "slope and board" style of the bases of the pyramids, which was typical of Teotihuacan, visible in the architecture of cities such as Tikal and Oxkintok, and in Guatemala, El Peten and Kaminaljuyu in the highlands. The polychrome ceramic jars with lids also adopted the three-legged style of Teotihuacan.

 

Green obsidian from Teotihuacan reached almost all the large Mayan cities, but there were many more goods came from Mayan lands to the center of Mexico: quetzal feathers, cocoa beans, jade and jaguar skins, which were of high demand among the Teotihuacan elite.

 

In Spanish:

 

El desarrollo de las grandes ciudades mayas tuvo enorme impacto en Teotihuacan, la gran urbe del centro de Mexico, que hacia el ano 500 d.C. tenia mas de 125 mil habitantes. En su epoca de mayor desarrollo, fue el centro del mundo mesoamericano y, como tal, sin duda un factor decisivo en la definicion ciertos aspectos de la organizacion politica y economica de la zona maya. La influencia teotihuacana se aprecia en el tocado de algunos gobernantes mayas, como la "serpiente de 18 cabezas", o "serpiente de guerra", deidad teotihuacana.

 

Segun la investigacion epigrafica, las relaciones entre las ciudades mayas y teotihuacan eran de reciprocidad y no de dominio. Algunos gobernantes se decian descendientes de la dinastia real de Tollan ("lugar del canaveral"), para reforzar su poder politico, e incluso realizaron peregrinaciones al valle de Mexico para legitimar su jeraquia. La importancia de Teotihuacan se plasmo en diversos aspectos de la vida material de las cuidades mayas. La arquitectura de los siglos III y IV d.C. adopto el estilo de los basamentos con "talud y tablero", tipicamente teotihuacanos, visible en la arquitectura de ciudades como Tikal, el Peten guatemalteco, Oxkintok en Yucatan y Kaminaljuyu en los altos de Guatemala. En la ceramica policroma adoptaron las vasijas con tapa y tres patas caracteristica de Teotihuacan.

 

La obsidiana verde teotihuacana llego a casi todas las grandes cuidades mayas, pero fue mayor la cantidad de productos mayas que llegaron al centro de Mexico: plumas de quetzal, granos de cacao, jade y pieles de jaguar, de gran demanda entre la elite teotihuacana.

11,600 views
8 faves
3 comments
Taken on December 31, 2008