new icn messageflickr-free-ic3d pan white
Orchha, chhatris | by Arian Zwegers
Back to photostream

Orchha, chhatris

Orchha, chhatris


Orchha (or Urchha) is a town in Madhya Pradesh state, India, situated on the banks of the Betwa river. The town was established by the Bundela Rajput chief Rudra Pratap Singh some time after 1501, as the seat of an eponymous former princely state of central India, in the Bundelkhand region. Rudra Pratap Singh became the first King of Orchha, (r. 1501-1531).


Chhatris are elevated, dome-shaped pavilions used as an element in Indian architecture. Chhatris are commonly used to depict the elements of pride and honor in the Jat, Maratha and Rajput architecture. They are widely used, in palaces, in forts, or to demarcate funerary sites. Originating in Rajasthani architecture where they were memorials for kings and royalty, they were later adapted as a standard feature in all buildings in Maratha ruled states, Rajasthan, and most importantly in Mughal architecture. Chhatris are basic element of Hindu as well as Mughal architecture. The term "chhatri" means umbrella or canopy.


(sources: and

5 faves
Taken on December 28, 2008