Meletios Metaxakis in New York, 1921
The exiled Archbishop Meletios Metaxakis of Athens in New York City in 1921. Over his shoulder to the left is G. Polis, who accompanied him in New York. During his 1921 visit, Meletios had lately been driven out of Greece by the Royalist faction and took the opportunity to come to America and organize Greek Orthodox parishes in the United States, attempting to heal some of their deep divisions. Despite his attempts at peacemaking, he was the nephew of defeated Greek Prime Minister Eleftherios Venizelos (and had been appointed by him as Archbishop of Athens), and thus his association with one side of the major Greek political conflict prevented any real progress.
He soon founded the Greek Archdiocese and later returned to Europe, becoming Ecumenical Patriarch and later Pope of Alexandria. Meletios oversaw the shift of the Ecumenical Patriarchate to the New Calendar and was one of the most controversial Orthodox prelates of the 20th century.