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Javan Leopard | by aries_d
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Javan Leopard

Last week sunny day in Indonesia Safari Park, Cisarua Bogor, West Java with my family. I captured it from my window's car approx. 20-30m across road to left side of the hill. I am glad because my first previous coming was raining in January 2012.

Here is the Javan leopard (Panthera pardus melas). It is a leopard subspecies confined to the Indonesian island of Java and classified as critically endangered by IUCN since 2008. The population is estimated at less than 250 mature individuals, with a decreasing population trend. The total remaining habitat is estimated at just 2,267.9 to 3,277.3 km2 (875.6 to 1,265.4 sq mi).

Javan leopards are confined to the Indonesian island of Java. They are known to occur in Gunung Halimun National Park, Ujung Kulon National Park, Gunung Gede Pangrango National Park, Ceremai National Park, Merbabu National Park, Merapi National Park, Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park, Meru Betiri National Park, Baluran National Park, and Alas Purwo National Park.[1] They can thrive in a variety of habitats ranging from patches of dense tropical rainforest in the south-western part of the island, to the mountains, and to dry deciduous forests and scrub in the east. In the 1990s, they seemed to particularly thrive in the seral stages of successional vegetation patterns, which made them less susceptible than many other mammals to human's disruptive activities.

From 2001 to 2004, monitoring research has been conducted in a 20 km2 (7.7 sq mi) area of Gunung Halimun National Park using camera traps and radio-tracking. Seven leopards were identified in the study area. The total population was estimated at 42 to 58 individuals. Home range of an adult female was 9.82 km2 (3.79 sq mi) (source :

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Taken on April 14, 2012