Italy-0039 - The Obelisk
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Last picture of the square for now....
The Obelisk (25.31m high) on the right is from Egypt was brought to Rome by Emperor Caligula in 37 AD. It originally stood in his circus on a spot to the south of the basilica, close to the present Sacristy. Sixtus V had Domenico Fontana move it in 1586 to the center of St. Peter's Square. It is also a sun dial, its shadows mark noon over the signs of the zodiac in the white marble disks in the paving of the square. The obelisk rests upon four couchant lions, each with two bodies whose tails intertwine.