Mexico-6567 - Labná Arch & El Mirador
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Two of the structures at the Mayan site of Labná, El Mirador in background and the Arch on the right.
El Mirador is a pyramidal temple just over 20m (65.6 ft) high. On the upper part is a four room structure with a roof comb which rests directly on the frontal wall. The roof comb with openings and elaborated with coarse stones was decorated with stucco modeled figures in high and low relief, as well a three dimension, secured by means of stone spikes.
Labná Arch is an example of Puuc Mosaic architecture. It is very well preserved, including the two small rooms which flank the vaulted arch; only the stairways and the roof comb have undergone major restoration. The Arch formalizes the entrance from what appears to hve been a residential group of an upper class family.
Labná is the archeological site which exemplifies the form and composition of many of the Maya communities of the Hill Region of Yucatan. Its principal buildings are representative of the Puuc architectural styles. All the visable structures are from a later period, and underwent several construction phases, dating from between 750 and 1000 A.D. By this time the community had reached a population of between 1,500 and 2,500 inhabitants and occupied an area covering almost 3.2 sq. kilometers. The population depended for the most part on the rain. They caught and stored it in an aguada (a sealed natural depression) and close to 70 chultunes or underground, domestic cisterns, which were the only source of the vital liquid during the dry season. It is possible that Labná had formed part of a greater political unit whose capital was Sayil, Uxmal or some other large site in the region. However, to date there is no evidence to support this theory.