Peru-237 - Machu Picchu
This is the first place I went to when I started to travel by plane, still one of my favourite spots on earth.
Machu Picchu means “Old Peak” and the higher Huayna Picchu “Young Peak” stands vigil over it. It’s remains are in a comparatively good state of preservation because the Spaniards never found it. It was buried in the jungle for centuries, until Hiram Bingham discovered it in 1911. The city remained inaccessible until the 1940s, when the Inca Trail cutting through the valley was discovered.
Theories about what happened to the inhabitants range from epidemics to their occupants being isolated at the time of the fall of the Inca Empire. Excavations only added to the mystery to what happened to the city. They found 173 skeletons, of which 150 were woman. At the tomb of the high priest, skeletons of a women and a dog were found. The women suffered from syphilis.