Name :- Coconut
Peak season :- year-round
Uses :- drink, hand-fruit, sweets, oils, fibers
Vegetation :- tree (palm)
Scientific Name :- Cocos nucifera
Spanish Name :- coco
The coconut is a true icon of tropical beaches and perhaps the most cultivated fruit in the world as a result of the great variety of uses. It can be found throughout Nicaragua, and not only at the beaches of the Pacific or the Caribbean, but also in cities and rural areas, at farms and in patios.
Coconuts are round, although they can be somewhat angular. They are green at the beginning, later turning yellow and finally brown. The husk is very thick and fibrous and contains coconut water and white coconut meat.
The strong and fibrous husk is used to create artisans. The fibers can also be used in several other ways.
The refreshing coconut water is rich in sugar, calcium, and vitamin C. It can be drunk directly from the coconut, or it can be served in a glass. It can also be mixed with rum to create interesting cocktails.
The white, soft pulp (coconut meat) adheres to the inner side of the husk. It is a great source for oil, proteins, sugar, minerals (calcium and iron), and vitamins (B1, B2, B3, and C). It can be eaten fresh, directly from the coconut using a spoon. In Nicaragua, this is also used to create ‘cajetas’ (some type of candy) and at the Caribbean Coast it is dried to be used in the kitchen as a substitute for oil.
The beautiful coconut palms can be medium-sized or very high, depending on the variety. Coconut trees grow coconuts year-round, producing about 8-15 coconuts per month. The palms are also used to create shade or as ornamental trees. Commercial production of this tree takes place mostly at the Caribbean Coast.