Periander Swordtail - Rhetus periander on a rock in the water

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Periander (Greek: Περίανδρος) was the second tyrant of Corinth, Greece in the 7th century BC. He was the son of the first tyrant, Cypselus. Periander succeeded his father in 627 BC.

He upgraded Corinth's port, and built a ramp across the Isthmus of Corinth so that ships could be dragged across (the Diolkos), avoiding the sea route around the Peloponnese. The money gained from the diolkos allowed Periander to abolish taxes in Corinth. However, Periander was later considered the typical evil tyrant (for example, by Aristotle). Herodotus says he learned his "savagery" from Thrasybulus, the tyrant of Miletus, who instructed Periander to get rid of anyone who could conceivably take power from him. Among his acts were sending young boys from Corcyra to be castrated in Lydia (who are reputed to have escaped and be rescued by the Samians), and the murder (and possible necrophiliac rape) of his own wife, Melissa. Abhorrence for this act was so intense that it was described only metaphorically at the time: "Periander baked his bread in a cold oven" (Herodotus, V 91-93). Their son Lycophron discovered that his father was the murderer, so Periander exiled him from Corinth and forbade any of his subjects to shelter him. Periander later tried to reconcile with Lycophron, but Lycophron refused to return unless Periander abdicated; however, the inhabitants of Corcyra killed Lycophron to prevent Periander from arriving.

Periander's nephew Psammetichus succeeded him as tyrant of Corinth but Psammetichus' rule only lasted three years and he was the last of the Cypselid dynasty. Periander was listed by most authors as one of the Seven Sages of Greece. According to Herodotus, Periander also held the musical contest that was won by the poet Arion. Periander invented the Railway albeit horse-drawn, aforementioned as the "Diolkos".

(Source: Wikipedia)

The funny places where taxonomists resort to, to name organisms...

desertdragon, strussler, sajan164, and 147 other people added this photo to their favorites.

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  1. Soleil is me. 52 months ago | reply

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  2. JBC. PHOTOGRAPHY 52 months ago | reply

    Beautiful blue, I love your macro shot!!!

  3. Se hace fotos. [deleted] 52 months ago | reply

    nice colors

  4. orientalimage 52 months ago | reply

    so engrossed by the history I forgot to comment....

  5. FireandWater7777 52 months ago | reply

    Hi, I'm an admin for a group called Jesus Saves 777, and we'd love to have this added to the group!

  6. sunshinemomsblog 52 months ago | reply

    All your butterfly pics are great but this one stands out! Awesome!

  7. [Duncan] 52 months ago | reply

    Great image and an interesting story

    --
    Seen on your photo stream. (?)

  8. Fernando Felix 52 months ago | reply

    Carai que linda!

  9. P i n u s 52 months ago | reply

    What a gorgeous butterfly! Thank you for your visit :-)

  10. Ali Al-wazzan 52 months ago | reply

    beautiful shot

  11. Ewciak & Leto 52 months ago | reply

    ..oh..outstanding capture Anna!!

  12. lemoth 46 months ago | reply

    What beautiful colours, fantastic capture as usual.
    Great work.!!

  13. Sigpho 43 months ago | reply

    Wow, nice effects, beautiful colours. Dam you're good!

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