Peonia | Mother's Day

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    Peony Paeony

    Peony or paeony is a name for plants in the genus Paeonia, the only genus in the flowering plant family Paeoniaceae. They are native to Asia, southern Europe and western North America. Boundaries between species are not clear and estimates of the number of species range from 25 [1] to 40.[2]
    Most are herbaceous perennial plants 1.5 - 5 feet (0.5 - 1.5 metres) tall, but some resemble trees up to 5 - 10 feet (1.5 – 3 metres) tall. They have compound, deeply lobed leaves, and large, often fragrant flowers, ranging from red to white or yellow, in late spring and early summer.

    The peony is named after Paeon (also spelled Paean), a student of Asclepius, the Greek god of medicine and healing. Asclepius became jealous of his pupil; Zeus saved Paeon from the wrath of Asclepius by turning him into the peony flower.[3]
    The family name "Paeoniaceae" was first used by Friedrich K.L. Rudolphi in 1830, following a suggestion by Friedrich Gottlieb Bartling that same year.[1] The family had been given other names a few years earlier.[4] The composition of the family has varied, but it has always consisted of Paeonia and one or more genera that are now placed in Ranunculales.[2] It has been widely believed that Paeonia is closest to Glaucidium, and this idea has been followed in some recent works.[1][5] Molecular phylogenetic studies, however, have demonstrated conclusively that Glaucidium belongs in Ranunculaceae,[6] but that Paeonia belongs in the unrelated order Saxifragales.[7]
    [edit]Classification

    A cultivated hybrid peony
    Peonies can be classified by both plant growth habit and flower type. Plant growth types are Herbaceous (Bush), Tree, and Intersectional (Itoh).
    Each flower type becomes more complex in its arrangement of petals. The flower types include Single (e.g., Athena, Dad, Krinkled White, Scarlet O’Hara, Sea Shell), Japanese (Nippon Beauty, Madame Butterfly), Anemone, Semi-Double (Paula Fay, Coral Charm, Miss America, Buckeye Belle), Double (Ann Cousins, Gardenia, Kansas, Paul M. Wild, Tourangelle) and Bomb-Double (Red Charm, Raspberry Sundae, Mons Jules Elie). Herbaceous peonies die back in winter and regrow in spring, while tree peonies lose their leaves in winter, but leave woody stems.
    Intersectional (Itoh) peonies are hybrid crosses between tree and herbaceous types. They have the large flowers of a tree peony, but die back to the ground each year like herbaceous peonies. [8]
    [edit]Chemistry and biological activities

    Over 262 compounds have been obtained so far from the plants of Paeoniaceae. These include monoterpenoid glucosides, flavonoids, tannins, stilbenoids, triterpenoids and steroids, paeonols, and phenols.
    Biological activities include antioxidant, antitumor, antipathogenic, immune-system-modulation activities, cardiovascular-system-protective activities and central-nervous-system activities.[9]
    The herb known as Paeonia (Bai Shao, Radix Paeoniae Lactiflorae), in particular the root of Paeonia lactiflora has been used frequently in traditional medicines of Korea, China and Japan. Research suggests that constituents in Paeonia lactiflora - paeoniflorin and paeonol - can modulate IgE-induced scratching behaviors and mast cell degranulation. [10]
    [edit]Propagation

    Paeonia caucasica

    Tree peony
    Herbaceous and Itoh peonies are propagated by root division, and sometimes by seed. Tree peonies can be propagated by grafting, division, seed, and from cuttings, although root grafting is most common commercially. [11]

    Courtesy of Wikipedia
    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peony

    Simone Seymons (swamipics), and 24 other people added this photo to their favorites.

    View 9 more comments

    1. the-father 65 months ago | reply

      excellent.

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    2. marco marescotti 65 months ago | reply

      Grazie per aver condiviso questo scatto con noi
      Thank you for sharing your picture with us.


      Allegri si nasce o si diventa :))
      Foto d'Autore: marina 2010

      Vacanze 2011-La mia foto preferita

    3. nilliske 65 months ago | reply

      Very well this shot, I love it.

    4. juntos ( MOSTLY OFF) 65 months ago | reply

      che bella AUGURI anche a te bacioni da BB e Co

    5. Andy_B :) 65 months ago | reply

      Amazing Photo!

    6. Larry W Brown 65 months ago | reply

      Simply magnificent - a terrific flower composition!

    7. PietroM. 65 months ago | reply

      Grazie per aver condiviso questo scatto con noi
      Thank you for sharing your picture with us.


      Allegri si nasce o si diventa :))
      Foto d'Autore: marina 2010

      Vacanze 2011-La mia foto preferita

    8. B℮n 65 months ago | reply

      Beautiful flower Angie!

      GRTZ,BEN
      Have a great week!

    9. steffi's 65 months ago | reply

      what a lovely peony!

    10. enzo.tiberi 65 months ago | reply

      Foto veramente bella, complimenti!
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    11. JL-CA 65 months ago | reply

      Great capture !
      Thanks for sharing with us !
      seen in :

      "Congratulations"

    12. elalex2009 65 months ago | reply

      Great capture !
      Thanks for sharing with us !
      seen in :

      "Congratulations"

    13. Vinko Sunde 59 months ago | reply

      Great capture,perfect colours - excellent work and detail ! Bellissima fiore !
      PS.: www.vinkosgifs.blogspot.com -( 0 40 animirtes fotos )

    14. peltier patrick 32 months ago | reply

      Thank you for sharing your beautiful image!

       lfdb

    15. Nevena Uzurov 32 months ago | reply

      Wonderful floral.
      Greetings !

    16. magda indigo 31 months ago | reply

      Thank you for sharing your beautiful image!

       lfdb

    17. Nevena Uzurov 29 months ago | reply

      Thank you for your visit.
      Greetins,Angela !

      Admired in Of Petals and Flowers Group
      by Gemma
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    18. peltier patrick 29 months ago | reply

      Recognition Award!
      Admired in Of Petals and Flowers Group
      by Gemma
      A fabulous Image!!!
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