• Nothing is impossible with God and to those who strive to make a difference in the lives of others each and everyday. Thank you Angela :) - THROUGH_HAWAIIAN_EYES

To Be or Not to be HIV-positive

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Fermiamo l'Aids sul nascere

Used by Written Permission of CESVI www.cesvi.org
Photo ©Giovanni Diffidenti

Aiutaci a fermare l'AIDS. Fai nascere la Vita.

La grande campagna Cesvi per vincere l'AIDS in Africa.

In Africa, una futura mamma su tre è sieropositiva e rischia di trasmettere la morte e non la vita al suo bambino.
La cura per salvarlo però esiste e fa parte del progetto "Fermiamo l'AIDS sul nascere".

Dal 2001 pratichiamo in Zimbabwe una terapia per evitare il contagio da madre a figlio attraverso un programma di prevenzione, cura farmacologica, assistenza alimentare e psicologica.
Negli ultimi 4 anni il Cesvi ha fatto passi da gigante in Zimbabwe: 2.000 bambini fuori pericolo di contagio, 40.000 donne sono state sottoposte al test Hiv e seguite con appoggio psicologico durante gravidanza, parto e allattamento; 1.450 operatori sanitari formati e oltre 300.000 persone coinvolte in incontri di prevenzione e informazione.

L'intervento Cesvi è oggi attivo in 7 ospedali e 17 cliniche rurali dello Zimbabwe e poi in Sudafrica, Repubblica Democratica del Congo e Uganda.

I progetti Cesvi di lotta all'Aids nell'Africa Australe, non riguardano solo la prevenzione del contagio madre-figlio ma anche la prevenzione della diffusione del virus, la cura dei soggetti già affetti ed il supporto sociale ai malati e agli orfani dell'Aids.
In particolare in Uganda l'attenzione è concentrata sull'attività di sensibilizzazione lla prevenzione e di testing volontario della popolazione che, nel 2007, ha riguardato circa 100.000 persone.

Ma tutto ciò non basta di fronte ai numeri della catastrofe africana: le persone contagiate dall'Hiv sono 33,2 milioni, di cui 15,4 milioni donne.
2,1 milioni sono stati i decessi nel mondo per Aids e malattie collegate, di cui 330 mila bambini.
Il tasso di donne affette da HIV è in aumento in tutte le regioni africane e nell'Africa sub-sahariana tocca il 61% più che in qualsiasi area. Come sottolineato dal direttore generale dell'OMS, Margaret Chan, il vasto contagio delle donne rende questa tragedia ancora più grave, poichè esse costituiscono la spina dorsale delle famiglie e delle comunità.

www.cesvi.org/?pagina=pagina_generica.php&id=210
Hiv-Aids

www.cesvi.eu/?pagina=pagina_generica.php&id=786

>>>>>HIV, Pregnancy, Maternal and Child health<<<<<<
It has been estimated that 1.5 million HIV positive women become pregnant every year, which means that about 600,000 children are infected every year by vertical transmission. The figures from selected pre-natal clinics in urban areas reveal an incidence of HIV among pregnant women in sub-Saharan Africa of over 25%. In 2005, in LHDIC (Low Human Development Index Countries) only 9% of pregnant HIV-positive women received an antiretroviral prophylaxis to prevent transmission of the virus to their children, a modest increase of 3% compared with 2003. In these countries infection is associated with an increased risk of: spontaneous miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy, stillbirth, premature labour, premature rupture of membranes, urogenital infections, syphilis. In industrialized countries the incidence of vertical transmission of the virus has fallen to minimal levels, as low as 2%, thanks to the introduction of antiretroviral therapy, the use of Caesarean section, and artificial feeding. In Africa, instead, where these operations are not widespread and not always available and where breastfeeding for long periods is normal, the vertical transmission of the virus is still around 25 to 40%.

PMTCT (Prevention Mother to Child Transmission) and PPTCT PLUS (Parental Prevention to Child Transmission)

Vertical transmission can occur at various stages: during pregnancy, birth, or breastfeeding. In LHDIC the prevention of vertical transmission by seropositive mothers is achieved through diverse interventions including:

- Services to promote maternal and infant health (pre- and postnatal).

- Counselling and testing services. - Promotion of alternatives to breastfeeding and/or early interruption of the same.

- Optimized and non invasive obstetric procedures - Preventive antiretroviral therapy for the mother and child.

- Antimalarial prophylaxis, since it has been demonstrated to reduce vertical transmission.

It is important to guarantee all women access to counselling and to VCT (Voluntary Counselling Testing).
The breastfeeding stage is the most delicate and difficult to deal with. The WHO estimates that 94% of children in the world are breastfed. 79% continue to one year and 52% up to two years. Breastfeeding over six months is common in sub-Saharan Africa and in Asia. Without antiretroviral prophylaxis or other effective intervention to prevent the vertical transmission of HIV, breastfeeding that extends for two years or more can increase the risk of transmission of HIV by about 40%. About 5 to 20% of infants are infected in the post-natal period and the risk increases progressively with the duration of breastfeeding. However, the alternative to breastfeeding, artificial feeding, is recommended only where it is easy to guarantee the supply of powdered milk and clean drinking water. In LHDIC artificial feeding may lead to the development of very serious problems. Bearing in mind that regarding breastfeeding there are no unanimous and general recommendations and that every intervention depends on the operative context, it is advisable to abide by the strategies proposed by the Ministry of Health in each individual country, which in turn are derived from general recommendations of the WHO.

Case study: PMTCT and PPTCT PLUS in Zimbabwe
www.cesvi.eu/UserFiles/File/Hiv-Aids_Zimbabwe.def.pdf

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Pictures Used with the Written Permission of CESVI www.cesvi.org
Photo by Giovanni Diffidenti

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B℮n, Nedieth, *hb19 (R.I.P.), and 304 other people added this photo to their favorites.

View 20 more comments

  1. cafard cosmique 28 months ago | reply

    Très beau travail

  2. Lazariparcero 26 months ago | reply

    Beautiful photography is a magnificent portrait.

  3. Malin Näsström 24 months ago | reply

    Beautiful portrait, great work!
    Portrait Photography Thursdays at:
    The World Through My Eyes

  4. Lauren Barkume 24 months ago | reply

    Beautiful portrait and message

    Portrait Photography Thursdays at:
    The World Through My Eyes

  5. J.J. Taylor 21 months ago | reply

    A sobering and important portrait.

  6. Frizztext 20 months ago | reply

    mille grazie Angela for sending to my group BLOG IT!
    So maybe I can write an article about your topic ...
    ciao:
    flickrcomments.wordpress.com/2012/07/03/story-challenge-l...
    +

  7. Frizztext 20 months ago | reply

    ciao Angela,
    I adore your great engagement:
    "volunteer for 2or more than 20 years, for CESVI
    a Non Profit, Humanitarian,
    Third World development Organization":
    English site: www.cesvi.eu/index.php
    Italian: www.cesvi.org

  8. Frizztext 20 months ago | reply

    my effort, to suppose your great work:
    flickrcomments.wordpress.com/2012/08/24/to-be-or-not-to-b...
    I hope it will spread ...

  9. gred. 11 months ago | reply

    molto bella, complimenti

  10. sara biljana (account closed) 11 months ago | reply

    Seen in About you

    It will look like this::

    I see your nice shot in About you

  11. -clicking- 11 months ago | reply

    I like it!
    About you Award!
    Have a nice day

    About you
    P1/C2 - Sweeper active, Please comment immediately

    Post here with +5 Award

  12. helmet13 11 months ago | reply

    I like it!
    About you Award!
    Have a nice day

    About you
    P1/C2 - Sweeper active, Please comment immediately

    Post here with +5 Award

  13. njk1951 11 months ago | reply

    I like it!
    About you Award!
    Have a nice day

    About you
    P1/C2 - Sweeper active, Please comment immediately

    Post here with +5 Award

  14. valter venturelli 11 months ago | reply

    I like it!
    About you Award!
    Have a nice day

    About you
    P1/C2 - Sweeper active, Please comment immediately

    Post here with +5 Award

  15. FineartPhotoshots 11 months ago | reply


    aporia&quot

    Questo è APORIA
    Remember to comment!

  16. Jim Shaw 1 3 months ago | reply

    I want to tell you what a beautiful picture this is and it is but I just read the text that goes with it and it gave the picture a hollow tone. J

  17. Jim Shaw 1 3 months ago | reply

    I cant take my eyes off it. J

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