Toletum

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    [EN]

    Toledo (Latin: Toletum) is a municipality located in central Spain, capital of the province of Toledo and capital of autonomous community of Castile-La Mancha. Throughout its long history, Toledo has always been known for being the City of Tolerance and the City of Three Cultures, with the coexistence of Jews, Muslims and Christians. Cradle of civilizations, place of battles and wars and the stage for important happenings in the history of Spain and Europe, the origins of Toledo date back even to before history, that is, Pre-history, in the Neolithic Age. Archaeological excavations -many of which continue to take place currently- have enabled us to discover that Toledo, was initially a Celtiberic walled town, built on the site of the current "Cerro del Bú", just opposite the present city and on the other side of the river.The first written record of Toledo dates from 192 B.C. when Titus Livius wrote concisely "Parva urbs, sed loco munitia" - a small city, but well fortified. In 1085 Alfonso VI reconquered Toledo and converted it to the "City of Three Cultures" and cradle of tolerance, as Christians, Muslims and Jews lived together and maintained their customs, although not always without an occasional outbreak of violence. During the reign of Alfonso X The Wise (the XIII Century) The School of Translators was established. In 1492 the Catholic Monarchs expelled the Jewish community that had been installed in Toledo in the Visigoth age, and would then only admit them into the Jewish area if they paid a tax. During the XIX Century Toledo experienced rapid growth with the addition of railways and with the installation of electrical power plants over the river Tajo. After the civil war, the city began to grow outsider of its walls and a new period of vital energy in its history unfolded. It is today the capital of Castile-La Mancha and was declared a "World Heritage City" by UNESCO in 1986.

    [ES]

    Toledo (del latín Toletum) es una ciudad que se encuentra en la España central, capital de la provincia homónima y de la comunidad autónoma de Castilla-La Mancha. A lo largo de toda su extensa historia, Toledo ha sido conocida siempre por ser la Ciudad de la Tolerancia o la Ciudad de las Tres Culturas, con la convivencia de judíos, musulmanes y cristianos. Cuna de civilizaciones, lugar de batallas y guerras y escenario de acontecimientos trascendentales en la historia de España y de Europa, los orígenes de Toledo se remontan hasta incluso antes de la historia, es decir la Prehistoria, en el Neolítico. Las excavaciones arqueológicas -muchas de las cuales se siguen haciendo en la actualidad- nos han permitido conocer que Toledo, inicialmente era un poblado celtibérico amurallado, construido sobre el actual "cerro del Bú", justo en frente de la actual ciudad y al otro lado del río. La primera mención escrita sobre Toledo data del año 192 a. C. cuando Tito Livio escribe escuetamente 'Parva urbs, sed loco munitia' -ciudad pequeña, pero bien fortificada-. En 1085 Alfonso VI reconquistó Toledo y la convirtió en la Ciudad de las Tres Culturas y cuna de la tolerancia, ya que cristianos, musulmanes y judíos coexistían y mantenían sus costumbres, aunque no siempre faltos de algún episodio violento ocasional. En el reinado de Alfonso X el Sabio (s. XIII) la Escuela de Traductores ya se había establecido. En 1492 los monarcas católicos expulsaron a casi toda la comunidad judía, que se había instalado en Toledo en el período visigodo, relengando a una pequeña porción de la población en ghettos bajo pago de impuestos. Durante el siglo XIX Toledo experimentó un crecimiento rápido gracias a la incorporación de las vías del ferrocarril, así como por la instalación del suministro de agua y de centrales de energía eléctrica sobre el río Tajo. Tras la Guerra Civil ya que en el siglo XX, la ciudad comienza a expandirse fuera de las murallas y actualmente, como capital de Castilla-la Mancha y declarada por la UNESCO como Ciudad Patrimonio de la Humanidad desde 1986, emprende con vital energía una nueva etapa en su Historia.

    coulportste, leytol, nanettesol, and 51 other people added this photo to their favorites.

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    1. jooferr 35 months ago | reply

      A superb work!!!

    2. edithbruck 35 months ago | reply

      Estupenda!!!..excelente documentacion!

      Thank you for beautiful capture my friend !!!

      _ BEPPE'S & VIOLA'S FRIENDS GALLERY_


      ♥ Thanks for the adding ♥ - Post 1 Comment 1 -

    3. portocala 35 months ago | reply

      Wonderful Capture!!!

      Seen in
      *mallmix Star Award*

    4. Patlu80 out for commitments 35 months ago | reply

      -Thank you for sharing this in:
      award code by Adriënne, on Flickr
      10 Shots To Fame ☻Your 10 Best
      read group rules
      Remember Award 2
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    5. Patlu80 out for commitments 35 months ago | reply

      What a beautiful this capture !!!
      You deserve The voice of my heart Award:


      __♥ The voice of my heart ♥__


      __♥ Thank you for sharing ! ♥__

    6. Maïclo 35 months ago | reply

      What a beautiful this capture !!!
      You deserve The voice of my heart Award:


      __♥ The voice of my heart ♥__


      __♥ Thank you for sharing ! ♥__

    7. yokopakumayoko 35 months ago | reply



      Remember Post 1 Comment 2 or more

    8. Jaime GF 35 months ago | reply

      Thanks for sharing!

      S - for Solidarity to the PEOPLE of the WORLD who need HELP

      S - for Solidarity to the PEOPLE of the WORLD who need HELP
      Post 1 - Comment 2

    9. SissiPrincess 35 months ago | reply



      Remember Post 1 Comment 2 or more

    10. PAQUI2000 35 months ago | reply

      Vista en / Seen in

      ..........Las fotos mas espectaculares ............
      **************(Post 1 Award 3)***************

    11. thomas390 35 months ago | reply

      Love this outstanding place for its excellent artistic speledid beauty; The composition is remarkable; exhibiting great lighting, beautiful color harmony, lovely and great detail and perspective. Congratulations and thanks for sharing this masterpiece. Thanks for your comments and happy and blessed weekend.

    12. amnaregawi [deleted] 35 months ago | reply

      beautiful pic ..Great one



      Stars world (post 1 - give 5 stars)

    13. Henny in Denmark 35 months ago | reply

      Great HDR. With so many details-
      Thank you for your kind comment.

      This beautiful picture is seen in

      COASTAL WORLD and WATER VIEWS GROUP

      ** Please take the time to comment(Using CWWVG LOGO) on other pictures in the group**


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    14. Rollingstone1 35 months ago | reply

      Super work!!

      Please share this wonderful image with group Show Room
      This invitation counts as an award as well

    15. angel sanchez garcia 35 months ago | reply

      Buen HDR.

      Un saludo.

    16. EduardoROlivera 35 months ago | reply

      Vista en / Seen in

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      **************(Post 1 Award 3)***************

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