The Secret City
Sometime after the Manhattan Project was founded in 1942, General Leslie R. Groves was put in charge and tasked with finding locations for the top-secret project. The three main locations were Hanford, WA, Los Alamos, NM, and an area of farmland in East Tennessee which came to be called the Clinton Engineer Works. Four production Atomic plants were located here in addition to the Town of Oak Ridge. But during the war none of these appeared on any map and the entire area was closed to the public. Here in this "Secret City," over 75,000 workers toiled night and day at tasks the end result of which only a very, very few ever fully understood. It was not until the first atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima, Japan, that their work was revealed to all. Oak Ridge's task had been extracting the very rare Uranium-235 form from the far more common Uranium 238 mixture with which it is found in nature. Today, Oak Ridge is the home to the Y-12 National Security Complex and the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, two of the top Science and Technology establishments in the world.
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