new icn messageflickr-free-ic3d pan white

Palacio Real

www.fotografik33.com

Le palais royal de Madrid (traduction littérale de « Palacio Real de Madrid ») ou palais d’Orient (en espagnol, Palacio de Oriente), résidence officielle du roi d’Espagne, est situé à la place de l’Orient au cœur de la capitale espagnole Madrid.

Il s’agit d’un palais aux fonctions uniquement protocolaires, le roi Juan-Carlos et son épouse Sofía de Grèce, ainsi que le prince Felipe et sa famille, résidant en fait dans le complexe du palais de la Zarzuela.

Le palais actuel fut construit entre 1738 et 1755 sous les ordres de Philippe V et fut habité par le roi Charles III en 1764.

Il dispose en outre d'une série de jardins adjacents, tels le Campo del Moro (es) (à l'ouest, entre le palais et le río Manzanares) et les Jardins de Sabatini (es) (au nord). À l'est du palais se trouve la Place de l'Orient (séparée du palais par la rue de Bailén). Au sud existe une immense place, la Plaza de la Armería, entourée par les ailes du palais. Au sud de cette place se trouve la Cathédrale de l'Almudena.

 

The Palacio Real de Madrid (literally: Royal Palace of Madrid) is the official residence of the Spanish Royal Family at the city of Madrid, but is only used for state ceremonies. King Juan Carlos and the Royal Family do not reside in the palace, choosing instead the more modest Palacio de la Zarzuela on the outskirts of Madrid. The palace is owned by the Spanish State and administered by the Patrimonio Nacional, a public agency of the Ministry of the Presidency. The palace is located on Calle de Bailén (Bailén Street), in the Western part of downtown Madrid, East of the Manzanares River, and is accessible from the Ópera metro station. Several rooms in the palace are regularly open to the public, except during state functions.

In Spanish, it is sometimes incorrectly called "Palacio de Oriente" by confusion with the "Plaza de Oriente", the square which lies to the East (Oriental) side of the palace.

The palace is on the site of a 9th-century fortress, called mayrit, constructed as an outpost by Muhammad I of Córdoba and inherited after 1036 by the independent Moorish Taifa of Toledo. After Madrid fell to Alfonso VI of Castile in 1083, the edifice was only rarely used by the kings of Castile. In 1329, King Alfonso XI of Castile conveved the cortes of Madrid for the first time. Philip II moved his court to Madrid in 1561.

The old Alcázar ("Castle") was built on the location in the 16th century. It burned 24 December 1734 and King Philip V ordered a new palace built on the same site. Construction spanned the years 1738 to 1755 and followed a Berniniesque design by Filippo Juvarra and Giovanni Battista Tiepolo in cooperation with Ventura Rodríguez, Francesco Sabatini, and Martín Sarmiento. Charles III first occupied the new palace in 1764.

The last monarch who lived continuously in the palace was Alfonso XIII, although Manuel Azaña, president of the Second Republic, also inhabited it, making him the last head of state to do so. During that period the palace was known as "Palacio Nacional". There is still a room next to the Real Capilla, which is known by the name "Office of Azaña".

The palace has 135,000 square metres (1,450,000 sq ft) of floorspace and contains 3,418 rooms. It is the largest palace in Europe by floor area. The interior of the palace is notable for its wealth of art and the use of many types of fine materials in the construction and the decoration of its rooms. These include paintings by artists such as Caravaggio, Velázquez and Francisco de Goya and frescoes by Corrado Giaquinto, Juan de Flandes, Giovanni Battista Tiepolo and Anton Raphael Mengs. Other collections of great historical and artistic importance preserved in the building include the Royal Armoury, Porcelain, Watches, Furniture, Silverware and the world's only complete Stradivarius string quintet.

 

El Palacio Real de Madrid es la residencia oficial del Rey de España, utilizada fundamentalmente para ceremonias de Estado, ya que los actuales Reyes no habitan en él, sino en el Palacio de la Zarzuela.

Con una extensión de 135 000 m² y 3 418 habitaciones, es el Palacio Real más grande de toda la Europa Occidental. Alberga un valioso patrimonio histórico-artístico, destacando el conjunto de instrumentos musicales conocido como los Stradivarius Palatinos, y colecciones muy relevantes de otras disciplinas artísticas como pintura, escultura y tapicería.

Es conocido también como Palacio de Oriente. Este nombre procede de su ubicación en la Plaza de Oriente, que debe su nombre precisamente por estar en el lado oriental del palacio. A eje con el Palacio, y enfrentado, se encuentra al otro extremo de la plaza el Teatro Real.

40,243 views
460 faves
77 comments
Taken on July 18, 2013