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Flemingia macrophylla (Willd.) Merr | by Ahmad Fuad Morad
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Flemingia macrophylla (Willd.) Merr

RIUM. WP Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

 

Flemingia macrophylla (Willd.) Merr. Fabaceae. CN: [Malay - Seringan, Beringan, Serengan jantan], Indonesia -Apa-apa, Hahapaan, Pok-kepokan. Native to China, Taiwan, Indian Subcontinent, Indo-China, Malesia (Indonesia, Malaysia; elsewhere naturalized in paleotropics and cultivated Erosion control, soil improver, potential as forage, tannin/dyestuff, folk medicine. Plant woody, deep-rooting, tussock-forming shrub, 1-4 m tall. Young branches greenish, ribbed, triangular in section and silky. Old stems brown, almost round in section. Leaves digitately trifoliate; stipules lanceolate, 1-1.5 cm long, covered with silky hairs, early caducous; petiole up to 10 cm long, narrowly channelled, slightly winged; leaflets elliptical-lanceolate, 6-16 x 4-7 cm, papery, dark green, base rounded, veins covered with silky hairs, apex rounded to acuminate. Inflorescence a dense axillary raceme, sub-spiciform, sessile, 2.5-10 cm long, pale velutinous, green, with 5 lanceolate lobes; corolla with greenish elliptical standard and distinct parallel red veins, wings narrow and much shorter than the keel, light purple at the apex. Pod oblong, inflated, 8-15 x 5 mm, covered with fine glandular hairs, dehiscent, dark brown, 2-seeded. Seed globular, 2-3 mm in diameter, shiny black.

 

Note: Some vernacular names used interchangeable associating the two species, i.e. F. strobilifera and F. macrophylla.

 

Synonym(s):

Crotalaria macrophylla Willd. (basionym)

Flemingia congesta Roxb. ex W. T. Aiton

Flemingia latifolia Benth.

Moghania macrophylla (Willd.) Kuntze

and many more; see The Plant List www.theplantlist.org/tpl/record/ild-41470

 

Ref and suggested reading:

www.theplantlist.org/tpl/record/ild-41470

www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?17130

www.worldagroforestrycentre.org/sea/Products/AFDbases/af/...

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Taken on October 2, 2012