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Scorodocarpus borneensis (Baillon) Becc. | by Ahmad Fuad Morad
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Scorodocarpus borneensis (Baillon) Becc.

Kepong Botanical Gardens, Kepong, Selangor, Malaysia.


Scorodocarpus borneensis (Baillon) Becc. Olacaceae. CN: [Malay - Kulim, Kulium, Bawang hutan, Sagan berauh, Kayu bawang utan, Pokok bawang putih], Kuleng (Thai), Woodland onion, Wood garlic, Jungle garlic. A monotypic genus occurring in peninsular Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra and Borneo. Tree may reach a height of ca. 40 m; dbh ca. 60 - 152 cm. Olacaceae are classically known to produce tannins, cyanogenetic glycosides, polyacetylenic fatty acids, flavonoids, and an unusual series of polysulfideses. Uses - In Sarawak the young leaves are eaten as a vegetable. The fruit is edible and is sometimes used as a substitute for garlic. The fruits and also an infusion of the bark are sometimes used as an antidote for antiaris (Antiaris toxicaria Lesch.) poisoning. Fruits occasionally sought by traditional healers to treat various ailments. An extract from the fruit shows antimicrobial activity. The wood is used for medium to heavy construction under cover.



Ximenia borneensis Baillon


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Taken on January 3, 2012