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Calotropis gigantea (L.) W. T. Aiton | by Ahmad Fuad Morad
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Calotropis gigantea (L.) W. T. Aiton

Kampung Sungai Ular, Cherating, Pahang, Malaysia.

 

Calotropis gigantea (L.) W.T.Aiton. Apocynaceae, also placed in Asclepiadaceae. CN: [Malay - Lembiaga, Lembega, Rembaga, Merigu, Meriga, Inggu, Bunga hantu, Indonesia - Widuri, Beduri], Crown flower, Mayo, Bowstring hemp, Giant milkweed. Native to Iran, China, Indian Subcontinent (Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka), Indo-China (Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam), Malesia (Indonesia, Malaysia); elsewhere naturalized or cultivated. Large shrub. Inflorescence a cluster of waxy flowers either white or lavender in color. Each flower consists of five pointed petals and a small, elegant "crown" rising from the center, which holds the stamens. Leaves oval, light green leaves and milky stem. Fruit a follicle and when dry, seed dispersal is by wind. The seeds with a parachute of hairs. Used as ornamental; source of fiber; although the plant parts are poisonous but a reputed homeopathic drug in many cultures.

 

Synonym(s):

Asclepias gigantea L.

Periploca cochinchinensis Loureiro

Streptocaulon cochinchinense (Loureiro) G. Don.

 

Ref and suggested reading:

www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?8652

zipcodezoo.com/Plants/C/Calotropis_gigantea/

www.flowersofindia.in/catalog/slides/Crown Flower.html

www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/cropfactsheets/calotropis.html

www.hear.org/pier/species/calotropis_gigantea.htm

 

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Taken on October 25, 2011