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Peacock

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Island Bella Garden Palazzo Borromeo

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The Indian Peafowl or Blue Peafowl (Pavo cristatus) is a large and brightly coloured pheasant native to South Asia, but introduced and semi-feral in many other parts of the world. The male, peacock, is predominantly blue with a fan-like crest of spatula-tipped wire-like feathers and is best known for the long train made up of elongated upper-tail covert feathers which bear colourful eyespots. These stiff and elongated feathers are raised into a fan and quivered in a display during courtship. The female lacks the train, has a greenish lower neck and has a duller brown plumage. They are found mainly on the ground in open forest or cultivation where they forage for berries, grains but will also prey on snakes, lizards, and small rodents. Their loud calls make them easy to detect, and in forest areas, often indicate the presence of a predator such as a tiger. They forage on the ground, moving in small groups and will usually try to escape on foot through undergrowth and avoid flying. They will fly up into tall trees to roost, however. It is the national bird of India.

 

A melanistic form with black wings, initially considered as a subspecies P. c. nigripennis, also known as a Japanned Peafowl was a topic of some interest during Darwin's time.[4] It is however only a case of genetic variation within the population. Other variations include the pied and white forms all of which are the result of allelic variation at specific loci

 

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Il Pavone comune o Pavone blu (Pavo cristatus, Linnaeus 1758) è un uccello appartenente alla famiglia dei Fasianidi. Originario delle foreste dell' India, è stato importato in Europa dai Romani, i quali lo allevavano non solo per la sua bellezza, ma anche per la prelibatezza delle sue carni.

 

Nel corso degli anni sono state selezionate numerose varietà d'allevamento. La più famosa è sicuramente la varietà Bianca, in cui la coda del maschio somiglia ad uno splendido pizzo. Punto debole di questa varietà è l'eccessiva consanguineità, che la rende sensibile alle malattie e al clima instabile.

Altra razza degna di nota è l'Arlecchino, che presenta una livrea simile al Pavone comune ma intervallata da chiazze bianche di varie dimensioni e su tutto il corpo; questa razza è stata ottenuta incrociando la varietà Bianca con il meno noto Pavone dalle ali nere

 

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Taken on June 13, 2010