Dyslexia is a neurological disorder that many do not understand and often dismiss as stupidity or laziness. If you don't believe me, just do a search for dyslexia or dyslexic on Flickr. See what context people put it in.
Best definition I have seen:
"Dyslexia is a neurologically-based, often familial disorder which interferes with the acquisition of language. Varying in the degrees of severity, it is manifested by difficulties in receptive and expressive language, including phonological processing, in reading, writing, spelling, handwriting and sometimes arithmetic. Dyslexia is not the result of lack of motivation, sensory impairment, inadequate instructional or environmental opportunities, but may occur together with these conditions. Although dyslexia is lifelong, individuals with dyslexia frequently respond successfully to timely and appropriate intervention" (Orton Dyslexia Society, 1994).
Parents and teachers, I ask you this question. If punishing or humiliating a child in a wheelchair will not motivate that child to walk, why would punishing or humiliating a child with dyslexia motivate them to read, spell, or excel at mathematics? You want to help a child or adult who is struggling with dyslexia, start by researching the facts.
The International Dyslexia Association (IDA) - www.interdys.org
National Center for Learning Disabilities - www.ld.org
Learning Disabilities Association of America - www.ldaamerica.org
37 Common Characteristics of Dyslexia - www.dyslexia.com/library/symptoms.htm
Wikipedia Description of Dyslexia - www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dyslexia