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Robert BOYLE (1627 - 1691) - Anglo-Irish Physicist  (by Worsdale). | by londonconstant
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Robert BOYLE (1627 - 1691) - Anglo-Irish Physicist (by Worsdale).

Robert Boyle (25 January 1627, lismore Co Waterford – 30 December 1691, London) was an Anglo-Irish natural philosopher, chemist, physicist, inventor, and early gentleman scientist, noted for his work in physics and chemistry. He is best known for the formulation of Boyle's law. Although his research and personal philosophy clearly has its roots in the alchemical tradition, he is largely regarded today as the first modern chemist. He is very famous in the science world for being the first scientist that kept accurate experiment logs. Among his works, The Sceptical Chymist is seen as a cornerstone book in the field of chemistry.

Robert Boyle was born in Lismore Castle, in the province of Munster, Ireland, as the seventh son and fourteenth child of Richard Boyle, the "Great Earl of Cork". There is a statuette, assumed to be of Boyle as a young man, on the elaborate monument of his parents in St Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin. While still a child, he learned to speak Latin, Greek, and French. He was only eight and three quarters years old when he was sent to Eton College, of which his father's friend, Sir Henry Wotton, was then provost. After spending over three years at the college, he went to travel abroad with a French tutor. Nearly two years were passed in Geneva; visiting Italy in 1641, he remained during the winter of that year in Florence, studying the "paradoxes of the great star-gazer" Galileo Galilei, who died within a league (3 miles) of the city early in 1642.

Boyle was a founding fellow of the Royal Society

 

James WORSDALE (circa 1692-1767), Portrait painter, actor and rake.

James Worsdale (c. 1692 - June 10, 1767) was an Irish and English portrait painter, actor, literary fraud, and libertine whose lively conversation, wittiness, and boldness allowed him to move among the highest circles of literary life. His skills as a painter are not widely praised by art historians, but his confidence and assertiveness secured him numerous commissions for portraits.

Worsdale was born in poverty. His father was a pigment grinder, and James began as an apprentice to Godfrey Kneller. However, Kneller fired Worsdale for secretly marrying his niece. Worsdale would claim to be the son-in-law of Kneller, then the actual son of Kneller, but these were impositions.

In 1734 he must have been moving in literary circles, because he painted the portraits of Thomas Southerne and Beau Nash. In 1735, he moved to Dublin, Ireland and became the confidante and companion of Lawrence Parsons, 1st Earl Rosse and Lord Blayney. The three of them formed the Dublin Hellfire Club. Worsdale also helped form the Hell Fire Club of Limerick. He began "writing" plays and acting in them in Dublin at this time, if not earlier. He acted with the company of Smock Alley from 1737-40, with the only documented performance being as Lady Scardale in his own play, The Assembly. From 1740-44, he acted with the Aungier Street company, and he was made a deputy Master of the Revels in Ireland in 1741.

 

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Uploaded on July 25, 2007