Armenia / Հայաստան / Hayastani / Arménia
officially the Republic of Armenia (Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն, Hayastani Hanrapetut’yun, [hɑjɑstɑˈni hɑnɾɑpɛtuˈtʰjun]), is a landlocked mountainous country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Situated at the juncture of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bordered by Turkey to the west, Georgia to the north, the de facto independent Nagorno-Karabakh Republic and Azerbaijan to the east, and Iran and the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan to the south.
A former republic of the Soviet Union, Armenia is a unitary, multiparty, democratic nation-state with an ancient and historic cultural heritage. The Kingdom of Armenia was the first state to adopt Christianity as its religion in the early years of the 4th century (the traditional date is 301). The modern Republic of Armenia recognizes the Armenian Apostolic Church as the national church of Armenia, although the republic has separation of church and state with the Armenian Apostolic Church liable to the laws of the state.
Armenia is a member of more than 40 international organisations, including the United Nations, the Council of Europe, the Asian Development Bank, the Commonwealth of Independent States, the World Trade Organization, the Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation, and La Francophonie. It is a member of the CSTO military alliance, and also participates in NATO's Partnership for Peace (PfP) programme. In 2004 its forces joined KFOR, a NATO-led international force in Kosovo. It is also an observer member of the Eurasian Economic Community and the Non-Aligned Movement. The country is an emerging democracy. Armenia is classified as a country with medium human development and 10.6% of the population live below the international poverty line of US$1.25 a day.
Etymology of name
The native Armenian name for the country is Hayk’. The name in the Middle Ages was extended to Hayastan, by addition of the Iranian suffix -stan (land). The name has traditionally been derived from Hayk (Հայկ), the legendary patriarch of the Armenians and a great-great-grandson of Noah, who according to Moses of Chorene defeated the Babylonian king Bel in 2492 BC, and established his nation in the Ararat region. The further origin of the name is uncertain.
The exonym Armenia is first attested in the Old Persian Behistun inscription (515 BC) as Armina (). Ancient Greek Αρμένιοι "Armenians" is attested from about the same time, perhaps the earliest reference being a fragment attributed to Hecataeus of Miletus (476 BC). Herodotus (440 BC) has Ἀρμένιοι δὲ κατά περ Φρύγες ἐσεσάχατο, ἐόντες Φρυγῶν ἄποικοι. "the Armenians were equipped like Phrygians, being Phrygian colonists" (7.73).
Some decades later, Xenophon, a Greek general serving in some of the Persian expeditions, describes many aspects of Armenian village life and hospitality. He relates that the people spoke a language that to his ear sounded like the language of the Persians. According to the histories of both Moses of Chorene and Michael Chamich, Armenia derives from the name of Aram, a lineal descendent of Hayk, son of Harma and father of Ara the Beautiful, who ruled around 900 BC[when?] and became widely acclaimed by the peoples of the region for his exploits.
Armenia lies in the highlands surrounding the Biblical mountains of Ararat, upon which, according to the Bible, Noah's Ark came to rest after the flood. (Gen. 8:4). In the Bronze Age, several states flourished in the area of Greater Armenia, including the Hittite Empire (at the height of its power), Mitanni (South-Western historical Armenia), and Hayasa-Azzi (1500–1200 BC). Then, the Nairi people (twelfth to ninth centuries BC) and the Kingdom of Urartu (1000–600 BC) successively established their sovereignty over the Armenian Highland. Each of the aforementioned nations and tribes participated in the ethnogenesis of the Armenian people. Yerevan, the modern capital of Armenia, was founded in 782 BC by king Argishti I.
Around 600 BC, the Kingdom of Armenia was established under the Orontid Dynasty. The kingdom reached its height between 95 and 66 BC under Tigranes the Great, becoming one of the most powerful kingdoms of its time within the region. Throughout its history, the kingdom of Armenia enjoyed periods of independence intermitted with periods of autonomy subject to contemporary empires. Armenia's strategic location between two continents has subjected it to invasions by many peoples, including the Assyrians, Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, Arabs, Mongols, Persians, Ottoman Turks and Russians.
Armenia was historically Mazdean Zoroastrian (as opposed to the Zurvanite Sassanid dynasty), particularly focused on the worship of Mihr (Avestan Mithra), and Christianity spread into the country as early as AD 40. King Tiridates III (AD 238–314) made Christianity the state religion in AD 301, becoming the first officially Christian state, ten years before the Roman Empire granted Christianity an official toleration under Galerius, and 36 years before Constantine the Great was baptized.After the fall of the Armenian kingdom in AD 428, most of Armenia was incorporated as a marzpanate within the Sassanid Empire. Following an Armenian rebellion in AD 451, Christian Armenians maintained their religious freedom, while Armenia gained autonomy.
After the Marzpanate period (428–636), Armenia emerged as the Emirate of Armenia, an autonomous principality within the Arabic Empire, reuniting Armenian lands previously taken by the Byzantine Empire as well. The principality was ruled by the Prince of Armenia, recognised by the Caliph and the Byzantine Emperor. It was part of the administrative division/emirate Arminiyya created by the Arabs, which also included parts of Georgia and Caucasian Albania, and had its center in the Armenian city Dvin. The Principality of Armenia lasted until 884, when it regained its independence from the weakened Arabic Empire.
The re-emergent Armenian kingdom was ruled by the Bagratuni dynasty, and lasted until 1045. In time, several areas of the Bagratid Armenia separated as independent kingdoms and principalities such as the Kingdom of Vaspurakan ruled by the House of Artsruni, while still recognizing the supremacy of the Bagratid kings.
In 1045, the Byzantine Empire conquered Bagratid Armenia. Soon, the other Armenian states fell under Byzantine control as well. The Byzantine rule was short lived, as in 1071 Seljuk Turks defeated the Byzantines and conquered Armenia at the Battle of Manzikert, establishing the Seljuk Empire. To escape death or servitude at the hands of those who had assassinated his relative, Gagik II, King of Ani, an Armenian named Roupen went with some of his countrymen into the gorges of the Taurus Mountains and then into Tarsus of Cilicia. The Byzantine governor of the palace gave them shelter where the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia was eventually established.
The Seljuk Empire soon started to collapse. In the early 1100s, Armenian princes of the Zakarid noble family established a semi-independent Armenian principality in Northern and Eastern Armenia, known as Zakarid Armenia, lasted under patronages of Seljuks, Georgian Kingdom, Atabegs of Azerbaijan and Khwarezmid Empire. The noble family of Orbelians shared control with the Zakarids in various parts of the country, especially in Syunik and Vayots Dzor.
Early Modern Era
Under Ottoman rule, the Armenians were granted considerable autonomy within their own enclaves and lived in relative harmony with other groups in the empire (including the ruling Turks). However, as Christians under a strict Muslim social system, Armenians faced pervasive discrimination. When they began pushing for more rights within the Ottoman Empire, Sultan ‘Abdu’l-Hamid II, in response, organised state-sponsored massacres against the Armenians between 1894 and 1896, resulting in an estimated death toll of 80,000 to 300,000 people. The Hamidian massacres, as they came to be known, gave Hamid international infamy as the "Red Sultan" or "Bloody Sultan".
As the Ottoman Empire began to collapse, the Young Turk Revolution (1908) overthrew the government of Sultan Hamid. Armenians living in the empire hoped that the Committee of Union and Progress would change their second-class status. Armenian reform package (1914) was presented as a solution by appointing an inspector general over Armenian issues.
Armenia was annexed by Bolshevist Russia and along with Georgia and Azerbaijan, it was incorporated into the Soviet Union as part of the Transcaucasian SFSR on March 4, 1922. With this annexation, the Treaty of Alexandropol was superseded by the Turkish-Soviet Treaty of Kars. In the agreement, Turkey allowed the Soviet Union to assume control over Adjara with the port city of Batumi in return for sovereignty over the cities of Kars, Ardahan, and Iğdır, all of which were part of Russian Armenia.
The TSFR existed from 1922 to 1936, when it was divided up into three separate entities (Armenian SSR, Azerbaijan SSR, and Georgian SSR). Armenians enjoyed a period of relative stability under Soviet rule. They received medicine, food, and other provisions from Moscow, and communist rule proved to be a soothing balm in contrast to the turbulent final years of the Ottoman Empire. The situation was difficult for the church, which struggled under Soviet rule. After the death of Vladimir Lenin, Joseph Stalin took the reins of power and began an era of renewed fear and terror for Armenians. As with various other ethnic minorities who lived in the Soviet Union during Stalin's Great Purge, tens of thousands of Armenians were either executed or deported.
Fears decreased when Stalin died in 1953 and Nikita Khruschev emerged as the Soviet Union's new leader. Soon, life in Soviet Armenia began to see rapid improvement. The church which suffered greatly under Stalin was revived when Catholicos Vazgen I assumed the duties of his office in 1955. In 1967, a memorial to the victims of the Armenian Genocide was built at the Tsitsernakaberd hill above the Hrazdan gorge in Yerevan. This occurred after mass demonstrations took place on the tragic event's fiftieth anniversary in 1965.
During the Gorbachev era of the 1980s with the reforms of Glasnost and Perestroika, Armenians began to demand better environmental care for their country, opposing the pollution that Soviet-built factories brought. Tensions also developed between Soviet Azerbaijan and its autonomous district of Nagorno-Karabakh, a majority-Armenian region separated by Stalin from Armenia in 1923. The Armenians of Karabakh demanded unification with Soviet Armenia. Peaceful protests in Yerevan supporting the Karabakh Armenians were met with anti-Armenian pogroms in the Azerbaijani city of Sumgait. Compounding Armenia's problems was a devastating earthquake in 1988 with a moment magnitude of 7.2.
Gorbachev's inability to solve Armenia's problems (especially Karabakh) created disillusionment among the Armenians and only fed a growing hunger for independence. In May 1990, the New Armenian Army (NAA) was established, serving as a defence force separate from the Soviet Red Army. Clashes soon broke out between the NAA and Soviet Internal Security Forces (MVD) troops based in Yerevan when Armenians decided to commemorate the establishment of the 1918 Democratic Republic of Armenia. The violence resulted in the deaths of five Armenians killed in a shootout with the MVD at the railway station. Witnesses there claimed that the MVD used excessive force and that they had instigated the fighting.
Further firefights between Armenian militiamen and Soviet troops occurred in Sovetashen, near the capital and resulted in the deaths of over 26 people, mostly Armenians. Pogrom of Armenians in Baku in January 1990 forced almost all of the 200,000 Armenians in the Azerbaijani capital Baku to flee to Armenia. On March 17, 1991, Armenia, along with the Baltic states, Georgia and Moldova, boycotted a union-wide referendum in which 78% of all voters voted for the retention of the Soviet Union in a reformed form.
Restoration of independence
In 1991, the Soviet Union broke apart and Armenia re-established its independence. Declaring independence on August 23, it was the first non-Baltic republic to secede. However, the initial post-Soviet years were marred by economic difficulties as well as the break-out of a full-scale armed confrontation between the Karabakh Armenians and Azerbaijan. The economic problems had their roots early in the Karabakh conflict when the Azerbaijani Popular Front managed to pressure the Azerbaijan SSR to instigate a railway and air blockade against Armenia. This move effectively crippled Armenia's economy as 85% of its cargo and goods arrived through rail traffic. In 1993, Turkey joined the blockade against Armenia in support of Azerbaijan.
The Karabakh war ended after a Russian-brokered cease-fire was put in place in 1994. The war was a success for the Karabakh Armenian forces who managed to secure 14% of Azerbaijan's internationally recognised territory including Nagorno-Karabakh itself. Since then, Armenia and Azerbaijan have held peace talks, mediated by the Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The status over Karabakh has yet to be determined. The economies of both countries have been hurt in the absence of a complete resolution and Armenia's borders with Turkey and Azerbaijan remain closed. By the time both Azerbaijan and Armenia had finally agreed to a ceasefire in 1994, an estimated 30,000 people had been killed and over a million had been displaced.
As it enters the twenty-first century, Armenia faces many hardships. Still, it has managed to make some improvements. It has made a full switch to a market economy and as of 2009, is the 31st most economically free nation in the world. Its relations with Europe, the Middle East, and the Commonwealth of Independent States have allowed Armenia to increase trade. Gas, oil, and other supplies come through two vital routes: Iran and Georgia. Armenia maintains cordial relations with both countries.
Armenia is a landlocked country in Europe, between the Black and Caspian Seas, bordered on the north and east by Georgia and Azerbaijan and on the south and west by Iran and Turkey.
The terrain is mostly mountainous and flat, with fast flowing rivers and few forests but with many trees. The climate is highland continental: hot summers and cold winters. The land rises to 4,095 m above sea-level at Mount Aragats, and no point is below 400 m. Mount Ararat, one of the national symbols of Armenia, is the highest mountain in the region.
Pollution from toxic chemicals such as DDT is not helping the already poor soil quality in many parts of the country.
Armenia is trying to address its environmental problems. It has established a Ministry of Nature Protection and introduced taxes for air and water pollution and solid waste disposal, whose revenues are used for environmental protection activities. Armenia is interested in cooperating with other members of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS, a group of 12 former Soviet republics) and with members of the international community on environmental issues. The Armenian Government is working toward closing the Armenian Nuclear Power Plant as soon as alternative energy sources are identified.
Armenian [hye] 3,399,903 in Armenia (2001 Johnstone and Mandryk). Population total all countries: 6,723,840. Throughout the country. Also spoken in Azerbaijan , Bulgaria, Canada, Cyprus, Egypt, Estonia, France, Georgia, Greece, Honduras, Hungary, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Palestinian West Bank and Gaza, Romania, Russia (Europe), Syria, Tajikistan, Turkey (Europe), Turkmenistan, Ukraine, USA, Uzbekistan. Alternate names: Haieren, Somkhuri, Ermenice, Ermeni Dili, Armjanski Yazyk. Dialects: Eastern Armenian, Erevan (Eriwan), Tbilisi (Tiflis), Karabagh, Shamakhi (Schamachi), Astrakhan (Astrachan), Dzhulfa (Dschugha, Dschulfa), Agulis, Khvoy-Salmst (Choi-Salmst), Urmia-Maragheh (Urmia-Maragha), Artvin (Artwin), Karin (Erzurum, Erzerum), Mus (Musch), Van (Wan), Tigranakert (Diyarbakir, Diarbekir), Kharberd (Charberd, Erzincan, Erzenka), Shabin-Karahissar (Schabin-Karahissar), Trabzon (Trapezunt), Hamshen (Hamschen), Malatya (Malatia), Kilikien, Syria (Syrien), Arabkir, Akn, Sebaste, Ewdokia (Tokat), Smyrna (Izmir), North Komedia, Constantinople (Konstantinopel, Istanbul), Rodosto, Crimea (Krim), Ashkharik. All dialects in all countries usually reported to be inherently intelligible. Eastern Armenian (4,341,000) is spoken in Armenia and its Turkish and Iranian borderlands; Western Armenian (879,612) is spoken elsewhere. Western Armenian is understood only by some in Iran. In Syria, people in Kessaberen (northeastern mountain village of Kessab) and the village of Musa Dagh (now relocated to Lebanon) speak related varieties which other Western Armenian speakers do not understand. Most speakers of Kessaberen have now learned Western Armenian. Western (Turkish) Armenian and Ararat (Russian) are easily intelligible. Classification: Indo-European, Armenian
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic [aii] 3,000 in Armenia (1999). Ethnic population: 15,000. Erevan and scattered throughout Transcaucasia. Alternate names: Aisorski, Sooreth. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, Aramaic, Eastern, Central, Northeastern
Azerbaijani, North [azj] 161,000 in Armenia (1993 Johnstone). In southern Dagestan, along the Caspian coast and beyond the Caucasus Mountains. Alternate names: Azeri Turk, Turkler, Azerbaydzhani. Dialects: Kuba, Derbent, Baku, Semakha, Saliany, Lenkoran, Kazakh, Airym, Borcala, Terekeme, Kyzylbash, Nukha, Zakataly (Mugaly), Kutkasen, Erevan, Nakhichevan, Ordubad, Kirovabad, Susa (Karabakh), Karapapak. Classification: Altaic, Turkic, Southern, Azerbaijani
Kurdish, Northern [kmr] 100,000 in Armenia (2004). Alternate names: Kurmanji, Kurmancî, Êzdîkî. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Northwestern, Kurdish
Lomavren [rmi] 50 in Armenia (2004). Armenia, southern Caucasus. Also spoken in Azerbaijan, Russia (Asia), Syria. Alternate names: Armenian Bosha, Armenian Bosa, Bosha, Bosa. Dialects: Gramatically restructured to be like Armenian with phonology and lexicon also influenced by Armenian. Classification: Mixed Language, Armenian-Romani
Meaning of the country name:
From Old Persian Armina (6th century BC), Greek Armenia (5th century BC). The further etymology of the Persian name is uncertain, but may be connected to the Assyrian Armânum, Armanî and/or the Biblical Minni. The Old Persian name is an exonym, see Hayk for the native name and Urartu for the Biblical Ararat.
The meanings of the colors have been interpreted in many different ways. However, many agree that red stands for the blood shed by Armenian soldiers in war, blue stands for the Armenian sky, and orange represents the fertile lands of Armenia and the workers who work them.
The official meaning of the colors, as stated in the Constitution of the Republic of Armenia, is:
" Red symbolizes the Armenian Highland, the Armenian people's continued struggle for survival, maintenance of the Christian faith, Armenia's independence and freedom. Blue symbolizes the will of the people of Armenia to live beneath peaceful skies. Orange symbolizes the creative talent and hard-working nature of the people of Armenia."
Coat of arms:
The shield itself consists of many components. In the center is a depiction of Mount Ararat with Noah's Ark sitting atop it. According to tradition, the ark is said to have finally rested on the mountain after the great flood. Ararat is considered the national symbol of Armenia and thus is of principal importance to the coat of arms. Surrounding Mount Ararat are symbols of old Armenian dynasties. In the lower left portion of the shield, there are two eagles looking at each other, symbolizing the length of the Armenian territory during the reign of the Artaxiad Dynasty that ruled in the 1st century BC. In the upper left portion, there is a lion with a cross, the emblem for the Bagratuni dynasty that ruled during the Middle Ages, between 7th and 11th centuries. Under this dynasty, Armenia blossomed culturally, making its capital, Ani, one of the most important cultural, social and commercial centers of its time. Bagratuni was destroyed by the Byzantine Empire's encroachment and by Seljuk invasions in the 11th century AD. In the upper right portion, there is a two-headed eagle, the emblem of the first dynasty to reign over a Christian Armenia, the Arsacid Dynasty of Armenia. Tiridates III of Arsacid Dynasty made Armenia the first Christian nation in 301 AD. This dynasty ruled from the 1st century AD to 428 AD. In the lower right portion, there is a lion with a cross, the emblem of the Rubenid dynasty. This dynasty reigned in Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia, a state that expanded and prospered during the 12th and 13th centuries, until the Mamelukes and Turks eventually conquered it.
Eagle and Lion
The eagle supports the shield on the left side of the coat of arms, while the lion on the right side. The eagle was the symbol of the Artaxiad Dynasty and later on the symbol of the Arsacid Dynasty of Armenia. It holds the Artaxiad Dynasty's branch of the shield. Whereas, the lion was the symbol of the Bagratuni Dynasty and later on the symbol of the Rubenid Dynasty. It holds the Rubenid Dynasty's branch of the shield.
Both of these animals were chosen because of their power, courage, patience, wisdom, and nobility in animal kingdom.
"One Nation, One Culture"
National Anthem: "Մեր Հայրենիք" , Mer Hayrenik , "Our Fatherland"
Մեր Հայրենիք, ազատ, անկախ
Որ ապրէլ է դարէ դար
Իւր որդիքը արդ կանչում է
Ազատ, անկախ Հայաստան:
Ահա՝ եղբայր, քեզ մի դրօշ,
Որ իմ ձեռքով գործեցի
Գիշերները ես քուն չեղայ,
Նայիր նրան երեք գոյնով,
Նուիրական մէր նշան,
Թող փողփողի թշնամու դէմ,
Թող միշտ պանծայ Հայաստան:
Ամենայն տեղ մահը մի է
Մարդ մի անգամ պիտ՚ մեռնի,
Բայց երանի՚ որ իւր ազգի
Ազատութեան կը զոհուի:
Mer Hayrenik, azat ankakh,
Vor aprel eh dareh dar
Yur vortikeh ard kanchoom eh
Azat, ankakh Hayastan.
(repeat previous two lines)
Aha yeghbair kez mi drosh,
Vor im dzerkov gortzetsi
Gishernereh yes koon chegha,
(repeat previous two lines)
Nayir nran yerek gooynov,
Nvirakan mer nshan,
Togh poghpoghi tshnamoo dem,
Togh misht pantza Hayastan.
(repeat previous two lines)
Amenayn tegh maheh mi eh
Mard mee ankam pit merni,
Baytz yerani vor yur azgi
Azatootyan keh zohvi.
(repeat previous two lines)
(repeat first verse)
Our fatherland, free and independent,
That has lived for centuries
Calls on its children now,
Free independent Armenia.
(repeat previous two lines)
Here brother, for you a flag,
That I made with my hands
At nights I did not sleep,
I washed it with tears.
(repeat previous two lines)
Look at it, in three colours
It is our gifted symbol.
Let it shine against the enemy.
Let Armenia always be glorious.
(repeat previous two lines)
Everywhere death is the same
A man will only die once
But fortunate is he
who dies for the freedom of his nation.
(repeat previous two lines)
(repeat first verse)
Internet Page: www.gov.am
Amenia in diferent languages :
eng | arg | ast | bre | cym | eus | fao | fin | glg | ina | ita | jav | lat | lld | mlg | nor | oci | pol | roh | ron | scn | sme | spa | sqi | swa: Armenia
afr | lim | nld: Armenië
ces | fra | jnf: Arménie
deu | ltz | nds: Armenien / Armenien
cat | srd: Armènia
dan | swe: Armenien
dsb | hsb: Armeńska
gag | kaa: Armeniya / Армения
hrv | slv: Armenija
ind | msa: Armenia / ارمينيا
kin | run: Armeniya
aze: Ermənistan / Ермәнистан
bos: Armenija / Арменија
crh: Ermenistan / Эрменистан
epo: Armenujo; Armenio
gla: Airmeinia; Arminia
gle: An Airméin / An Airméin
glv: Yn Armeain
kmr: Êrmenistan / Ермәньстан / ئێرمەنستان; Ermenîstan / Әрмәнистан / ئەرمەنیستان; Filistan / Фьльстан / فلستان; Hayastan / Һайастан / هایاستان
kur: Ermenistan / ئەرمەنستان; Ermênya / ئەرمێنیا
mol: Armenia / Армения
por: Arménia / Armênia
rmy: Armeniya / आर्मेनिया
slo: Armenia / Армениа; Armenzem / Армензем
tly: Ərməniston / Әрмәнистон
tuk: Ermenistan / Эрменистан; Armeniýa / Армения
uzb: Armaniston / Арманистон
chu: Арменія (Armenīja)
abq | alt | bul | kir | kjh | kom | kum | rus | tyv | udm: Армения (Armenija)
ava | lez | tab: Эрменистан (Ėrmenistan)
bak | tat: Әрмәнстан / Ärmänstan
che | chv: Армени (Armeni)
abk: Ерманҭәыла (Ermanṭʷyla)
bel: Арменія / Armienija; Армэнія / Armenija
chm: Армений (Armenij)
kaz: Армения / Armenïya / ارمەنيا
kbd: Армение (Armenie)
krc: Эрмен (Ėrmen); Армения (Armenija)
lbe: Арманий (Armanij)
mkd: Ерменија (Ermenija)
mon: Армен (Armen)
oss: Сомих (Somiĥ); Армени (Armeni)
srp: Јерменија / Jermenija; Арменија / Armenija
tgk: Арманистон / ارمنستان / Armaniston
ukr: Вірменія (Virmenija)
xal: Эрмәль (Ėrmäl')
ara: أرمينيا (Armīniyā)
ckb: ئەرمەنستان / Ermenistan
fas: ارمنستان (Armanestān)
prs: ارمنستان (Armanestān / Armenestān)
pus: ارمنستان (Armanistān / Arministān); ارمنيا (Armaniyā / Arminiyā)
uig: ئەرمېنىيە / Erméniye / Әрмения
urd: آرمینیا (Ārmeniyā / Ārmīniyā)
div: އަރްމީނިއާ (Armīni'ā)
syr: ܐܪܡܝܢܝܐ (Armīniyā)
heb: ארמניה (Armenyah)
lad: ארמיניה / Armenia
yid: אַרמעניע (Armenye)
amh: አርመኒያ (Ărmäniya); አርሜንያ (Ărmenya)
ell-dhi: Αρμενία (Armenía)
ell-kat: Ἀρμενία (Armenía)
hye: Հայաստան (Hayastan); Հայք (Hayḳ)
kat: სომხეთი (Somĥeṭi); სასომხეთი (Sasomĥeṭi)
hin: आर्मेनिया (Ārmeniyā); आर्मीनिया (Ārmīniyā); आर्मिनिया (Ārminiyā); अर्मइन (Armain)
mar: आर्मिनिया (Ārminiyā)
ben: আর্মেনিয়া (Ārmeniyā)
guj: આર્મીનિયા (Ārmīniyā)
pan: ਅਰਮੀਨੀਆ (Armīnīā)
kan: ಅರ್ಮೇನಿಯ (Armēniya)
mal: അര്മേനിയ (Armēniya)
tam: ஆர்மீனியா (Ārmīṉiyā)
tel: ఆర్మేనియా (Ārmēniyā)
zho: 亞美尼亞/亚美尼亚 (Yàměiníyà)
jpn: アルメニア (Arumenia)
kor: 아르메니아 (Areumenia)
mya: အာမေးနီးယား (Amènìyà)
tha: อาร์เมเนีย (Ā[r]mēniya)
lao: ອາກເມນີ (Ākmēnī); ອັກເມເນຍ (Âkmēniya)
khm: អាមេនី (Āmenī); អារមីនៀ (Ārmīnie)