The Destruction of Jerusalem
Note: This painting seems to have included Roman Soldiers, and Roman columns. It portrays the fall of the Second Temple in about 70 CE (Common Era) I will look for paintings of the Destruction of the First Temple by the Babylonians which was much earlier...
About The Tenth of Teves - Why we fast tomorrow...
Congregation Chofetz Chayim Synagogue Newsletter
January 4, 2012
Dear Charles & Cecily,
Tomorrow, Thursday [January 5th] is a national Jewish fast day that has been observed by our people for nearly 2,500 years -- it is linked to the destruction of the Temple and the exile of our people from Israel.
Tenth of Teves on Thursday Jan. 5 2012
Fasting begins: 6:13 a.m. Fasting ends : 6:08 p.m.
Morning Services 6:45 a.m. Evening Services 5:00 p.m.
It is an "easy" fast to observe because with an early breakfast (before 6:13 a.m.) the only meal that is skipped is lunch. Please feel free to call me at (520) 747-7780 if you have any health related or other questions relating to the fast .
In order to gain a deeper understanding of the deep significance of the day I have included below an excerpt from the book, Gateway To Judaism" with the permission of the author Rabbi Mordechai Becher.
May we merit to see the rebuilding of the Temple in our day and may all mankind be blessed with peace.
Rabbi Israel Becker
The Siege of Jerusalem
The Babylonian empire first laid siege to Jerusalem on the 10th of Teves 423 B.C.E., cutting it off from the outside world. This not only laid the groundwork for the destruction of the holy Temple but also caused horrific suffering for the besieged population of Jerusalem, thousands of whom died from starvation and disease.
Another tragedy lies within this day, however, that is less obvious. Jerusalem is meant to be the source of inspiration to the world and the place from which Torah and the word of G-d reach out to everyone. A siege prevents supplies from entering the city, and it also prevents any communication from the city reaching the outside world.
Ever since Nebuchadnezzar,king of Babylon, laid siege to Jerusalem,the voice of this holy city has been muted. It ceased to be the spiritual beacon for the world, it lost its role as the primary center of Torah study, and the" word of G-d " could no longer be heard coming forth from its gates.
Other voices now issued from Jerusalem--the sounds of the Crusaders, the Moslems and all her other conquerors and their cultures drown out the sounds of Judaism. Even though the physical siege ended with the destruction of the Temple, Jerusalem remains under a spiritual siege. We fast on the 10th of Teves because the glory of Jerusalem has the moral and spiritual center of the world has not been fully restored-it is as if the siege of the Babylonians still continues to this day.
"Gateway to Judaism : The What, How, and Why of Jewish life"
by Rabbi Mordechai Becher
Additional Info I have added:
Ezekiel The Prophet
Ezekiel, - also spelled Ezechiel, Hebrew Yeḥezqel Ha Navi, יחזקאל הנביא - flourished 6th century BCE, prophet-priest of ancient Israel and the subject and in part the author of an Old Testament book that bears his name. Ezekiel’s early oracles (from c. 592 BCE) in Jerusalem were pronouncements of violence and destruction; his later statements addressed the hopes of the Israelites exiled in Babylon. The faith of Ezekiel in the ultimate establishment of a new covenant between God and the people of Israel has had profound influence on the postexilic reconstruction and reorganization of Judaism.
Ezekiel’s ministry was conducted in Jerusalem and Babylon
He began to prophesy to the Jews in The Holy Land c. 592 BC, pronouncing God's judgment on a sinful nation. He witnessed the conquest of Jerusalem by Babylon and saw his fellow Israelites taken away into captivity. He offered a promise of Israel's restoration in his famous vision of a valley of dry bones that revive and assemble themselves. He envisaged a theocratic community revolving around a restored Temple in Jerusalem.
This is my comment: Ezekiel was so convinced that we would return from the Babylonian captivity that he bought real estate in Jerusalem before heading into exile.
Read more: www.answers.com/topic/ezekiel#ixzz1iYaHM7rP