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Royal Mail Postage Stamps Christmas 1975

Take a look back at the year 1975

 

1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1975th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 975th year of the 2nd millennium, the 75th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1970s decade. It was also declared the International Women's Year by the United Nations and the European Architectural Heritage Year by the Council of Europe.

 

 

Contents

1Events

2Births

3Deaths

4Nobel Prizes

5References

Events[edit]

January[edit]

Main article: January 1975

January

Altair 8800 is released, sparking the microcomputer revolution.

Volkswagen introduces the Golf, its new front-wheel-drive economy car, in the United States and Canada as the Volkswagen Rabbit.

January 1

Stevie Nicks and Lindsey Buckingham join Fleetwood Mac.

Watergate scandal (United States): John N. Mitchell, H. R. Haldeman and John Ehrlichman are found guilty of the Watergate cover-up.

Malawi changes its capital city from Zomba to Lilongwe.

January 2

The Federal Rules of Evidence are approved by the United States Congress.

Bangladesh revolutionary leader Siraj Sikder is killed by police while in custody.

A bomb blast at Samastipur, Bihar, India, fatally wounds Lalit Narayan Mishra, Minister of Railways.

January 5 – Tasman Bridge disaster: The Tasman Bridge in Hobart, Tasmania, Australia, is struck by the bulk ore carrier MV Lake Illawarra, killing 12 people.

January 6 – United States television debuts:

Game show Wheel of Fortune premieres on NBC.

AM America makes its television debut on ABC.

January 7 – OPEC agrees to raise crude oil prices by 10%.

January 8

Ella Grasso becomes Governor of Connecticut, the first female U.S. governor who does not succeed her husband.

U.S. President Gerald Ford appoints Vice President Nelson Rockefeller to head a special commission looking into alleged domestic abuses by the CIA.

January 10 – * February 9 – The flight of Soyuz 17 with the crew of Georgy Grechko and Aleksei Gubarev) aboard the Salyut 4 space station.

January 14 – Heiress Lesley Whittle, 17, is kidnapped from her home in Shropshire, England by Donald Neilson.

January 15

Alvor Agreement: Portugal announces that it will grant independence to Angola on November 11.

International Women's Year is launched in Britain by Princess Alexandra and Barbara Castle.

Steel roller coaster Space Mountain (Magic Kingdom) opens at Walt Disney World in Florida, becoming one of the park's most popular attractions into the 21st century.

January 18 – The United States Atomic Energy Commission is divided between the Energy Research and Development Administration and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, partly in response to the 1973 oil crisis.

January 19 – The 6.8 Ms Kinnaur earthquake affected Himachal Pradesh in India with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent), killing 47.

January 20

In Hanoi, North Vietnam, the Politburo approves the final military offensive against South Vietnam.

American talent agent Michael Ovitz founds the Creative Artists Agency.

Work is abandoned on the British end of the Channel Tunnel.

January 24 – Jazz pianist Keith Jarrett plays the solo improvisation The Köln Concert at the Cologne Opera, which, recorded live, becomes the best-selling piano recording in history.[1]

January 26 – Immaculata University defeats the University of Maryland 80-48 in the first nationally televised women's basketball game in the United States.[2]

January 29 – The Weather Underground radical student group bombs the United States Department of State main office in Washington, D.C.

February[edit]

Main article: February 1975

February 1 – The Intercontinental Broadcasting Corporation is launched in the Philippines.

February 4 – The Haicheng earthquake, the first successfully predicted earthquake, kills 2,041 and injures 27,538 in Haicheng, Liaoning, China.

February 5 – The Argentine president Isabelita Perón decrees Operativo Independencia, aiming to neutralize or annihilate the "subversive elements" in the province of Tucuman. Isabelita takes advantage to take a self-coup and assume extraordinary powers.

February 6 – A crucial by-election is held in Kankesanthurai, Sri Lanka.

February 11

Margaret Thatcher defeats Edward Heath for the leadership of the opposition UK Conservative Party. Thatcher, 49, is Britain's first female leader of any political party.[3]

Colonel Richard Ratsimandrava, President of Madagascar, is assassinated.

February 13

A "Turkish Federated State of North Cyprus" is declared as an unsuccessful first step to international recognition of a Turkish Cypriot separatist state in Cyprus.

A fire breaks out in the World Trade Center.

February 21 – Watergate scandal: Former United States Attorney General John N. Mitchell, and former White House aides H. R. Haldeman and John Ehrlichman, are sentenced to between 30 months and 8 years in prison.

February 23 – In response to the energy crisis, daylight saving time commences nearly 2 months early in the United States.

February 26 – A fleeing Provisional Irish Republican Army member shoots and kills off-duty London police officer Stephen Tibble, 22, as he gives chase.

February 27 – The 2 June Movement kidnaps West German politician Peter Lorenz. He is released on March 4 after most of the kidnappers' demands are met.

February 28

A major tube train crash at Moorgate station, London kills 43 people.

In Lomé, Togo, the European Economic Community and 46 African, Caribbean and Pacific countries sign a financial and economic treaty, known as the first Lomé Convention.

The National Liberation Front of Angola (FNLA) approaches the South African Embassy in London and requests 40 to 50 artillery pieces to assist their cause in the Angolan Civil War.

March[edit]

Main article: March 1975

March 1

Aston Villa win the Football League Cup at Wembley, beating Norwich City 1–0 in the final.

Australian television switches to full-time colour.

March 4

Charlie Chaplin is knighted by Elizabeth II.

A Canadian parliamentary committee is televised for the first time.

March 6

Algiers Accord: Iran and Iraq announce a settlement in their border dispute.

A bomb explodes in the Paris offices of the Springer Press. The March 6 Group (connected to the Red Army Faction) demands amnesty for the Baader-Meinhof Group.

March 7 – The body of teenage heiress Lesley Whittle, kidnapped 7 weeks earlier by the "Black Panther", is discovered in Staffordshire, England.

March 8

The United Nations proclaims International Women's Day.

First appearance of Davros in Doctor Who.

March 9 – Construction of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System begins.

March 10

Vietnam War: North Vietnamese troops attack Ban Mê Thuột, South Vietnam, on their way to capturing Saigon.

The Rocky Horror Show opens on Broadway in New York City; closed after 3 previews and 45 performances.

An extended portion of Sanyō Shinkansen between Okayama Station and Hakata Station opens, thus making Shinkansen reach the second island, Kyushu, Japan.

March 11 – The leftist military government in Portugal defeats a rightist coup attempt in head of the former president António de Spínola.

March 13 – Vietnam War: South Vietnam President Nguyễn Văn Thiệu orders the Central Highlands evacuated. This turns into a mass exodus involving troops and civilians (the Convoy of Tears).

March 15 – In Brazil, Guanabara State merges into the state of Rio de Janeiro. The state's capital moves from the city of Niterói to the city of Rio de Janeiro.

March 22 – Ding-a-dong by Teach-In (music by Dick Bakker, text by Will Luikinga and Eddy Ouwens) wins the 20th Eurovision Song Contest 1975 for the Netherlands.

March 25 – King Faisal of Saudi Arabia is shot and killed by his nephew.[4]

March 27 – The South African government announces that it will consolidate the 113 separate homeland areas into 36.

March 28 – A fire in the maternity wing at Kucic Hospital in Rijeka, former Yugoslavia, kills 25 people.

March 29 – Blow by Blow by Jeff Beck is released. It would become his most successful album in the United States, reaching the top five and selling over one million copies.

March 31

Süleyman Demirel of AP forms the new government of Turkey (39th government, a four-party coalition, so-called First National Front (Turkish: Milliyetçi cephe)).

In his final game on the sideline, John Wooden coaches UCLA to its 10th national championship in 12 seasons when the Bruins defeat Kentucky 92-85 in the title game at San Diego.

April[edit]

Main article: April 1975

April 3

Bobby Fischer refuses to play in a chess match against Anatoly Karpov, giving Karpov the title.

Monty Python and the Holy Grail is released in the UK.

April 4

Vietnam War: The first military Operation Babylift flight, C5A 80218, crashes 27 minutes after takeoff, killing 138 on board; 176 survive the crash.

Bill Gates and Paul Allen found Microsoft in Albuquerque, New Mexico.

April 5 – The Soviet manned space mission (Soyuz 18a) ends in failure during its ascent into orbit when a critical malfunction occurs in the second and third stages of the booster rocket during staging at an altitude of 192 km, resulting in the cosmonauts and their Soyuz spacecraft having to be ripped free from the vehicle. Both cosmonauts (Vasily Lazarev and Oleg Makarov) survive.

April 9

Asia's first professional basketball league, the Philippine Basketball Association, plays its first game at the Araneta Coliseum.

Eight people in South Korea, who are involved in the People's Revolutionary Party Incident, are hanged.

April 13

Bus massacre: The Kataeb militia kills 27 Palestinians during an attack on their bus in Ain El Remmeneh, Lebanon, triggering the Lebanese Civil War which lasts until 1990.

A coup d'état in Chad led by the military overthrows and kills President François Tombalbaye.

April 15 – Karen Ann Quinlan, 21, faints after consuming Quaaludes at a party. She becomes a controversial subject in the right to die movement after her parents sue to have her comatose body removed from life-support. She lives off a feeding tube until 1985.

April 17 – The Khmer Republic surrenders, when the Communist Khmer Rouge guerilla forces capture Phnom Penh ending the Cambodian Civil War, with mass evacuation of American troops and Cambodian civilians.

April 18 – The Khmer Rouge begins a forcible mass evacuation of the city and starts the genocide.

April 19 – Nico Diederichs becomes the 4th State President of South Africa.[5]

April 20 – Taman Mini Indonesia Indah opens to public in Jakarta, Indonesia.

April 24 – Six Red Army Faction terrorists take over the West German embassy in Stockholm, take 11 hostages and demand the release of the group's jailed members; shortly after, they are captured by Swedish police (See West German Embassy siege).

April 25 – Vietnam War: As North Vietnamese Army forces close in on the South Vietnamese capital Saigon, the Australian Embassy is closed and evacuated, almost 10 years to the day since the first Australian troop commitment to South Vietnam.

April 29 – Vietnam War:

Operation Frequent Wind – Americans and their allies are evacuated from South Vietnam by helicopter.

North Vietnam concludes its East Sea Campaign by capturing all of the Spratly Islands that were being held by South Vietnam.

April 30 – The Vietnam War ends with the Fall of Saigon: The Vietnam War concludes as Communist forces from North Vietnam take Saigon, resulting in mass evacuation of the remaining American troops and South Vietnam civilians. As the capital is taken, South Vietnam surrenders unconditionally and is replaced with the temporary Provisional Government.

May[edit]

Main article: May 1975

May 1 – The Cold War between Cambodia and Vietnam begins, which eventually leads to the Cambodian–Vietnamese War.

May 3 – West Ham United wins the FA Cup at Wembley, beating Fulham 2–0 in the final. Both goals are scored by Alan Taylor. West Ham legend Bobby Moore, appears for Fulham.

May 5 – The Busch Gardens Williamsburg theme park opens in Virginia.

May 6

The South African government announces that it will provide all Black children with free and compulsory education.

A violent F4 tornado hits the Omaha metropolitan area, killing three and injuring more than 137.

May 12 – Mayaguez incident: Khmer Rouge forces in Cambodia seize the United States merchant ship Mayaguez in international waters.

May 15 – Mayaguez incident: The American merchant ship Mayaguez, seized by Cambodian forces, is rescued by the U.S. Navy and Marines; 38 Americans are killed.

May 16

Sikkim accedes to India after a referendum and abolishes the Chogyal, its monarchy.

Junko Tabei from Japan becomes the first woman to reach the summit of Mount Everest.

May 17 – Elton John's Captain Fantastic and the Brown Dirt Cowboy becomes the first album to enter the US Billboard 200 album chart at Number One.

May 25

Bobby Unser wins the Indianapolis 500 for a second time in a rain-shorted 174 lap, 700 kilometres (430 mi) race.

The Golden State Warriors win the 1975 NBA basketball championship.

May 27

The Dibbles Bridge coach crash near Grassington, North Yorkshire, England results in 32 deaths (the highest ever toll in a United Kingdom road accident).

In the National Hockey League, The Philadelphia Flyers defeat the Buffalo Sabres 2-0 in game six of the finals to claim their second straight Stanley Cup.

May 28 – Fifteen West African countries sign the Treaty of Lagos, creating the Economic Community of West African States.

June[edit]

Main article: June 1975

June 5

The Suez Canal opens for the first time since the Six-Day War.

The United Kingdom votes yes in a referendum to stay in the European Community.

June 6 – The Georgetown Agreement, formally creating the ACP Group, is signed.

June 9 – The Order of Australia is awarded for the first time.

June 10 – In Washington, D.C., the Rockefeller Commission issues its report on CIA abuses, recommending a joint congressional oversight committee on intelligence.

June 11

After a referendum and seven years of military rule, modern day Greece is established as the Hellas Republic.

In Uganda, British author and adventurer Denis Hills is sentenced to death by firing squad for referring to Idi Amin as a 'village tyrant'.

June 19 – Richard Bingham, 7th Earl of Lucan is found guilty in absentia of the murder of nanny Sandra Rivett.

June 20 – Jaws is released in theaters and becomes a popular summer hit, setting the standard for Hollywood blockbusters for years to come.

June 25

Prime Minister Indira Gandhi declares a state of emergency in India, suspending civil liberties and elections.

Mozambique gains independence from Portugal.

June 26 – Two FBI agents and one AIM member die in a shootout, at the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota.

June 27, 1975 John David Ward (greatest Gen Xer ever) is born

July[edit]

Main article: July 1975

July 1 – The Postmaster-General's Department is disaggregated into the Australian Telecommunications Commission (trading as Telecom Australia) and the Australian Postal Commission (trading as Australia Post).

July 4

Zion Square refrigerator bombing. A terrorist attack in downtown Jerusalem kills 15 civilians and wounds 77.

Sydney newspaper publisher Juanita Nielsen disappears, and is presumed to have been murdered.

July 5 – Cape Verde gains independence after 500 years of Portuguese rule.

July 6

The Comoros declares and is granted their independence from France.

Ruffian, an American champion thoroughbred racehorse breaks down in a match race against Kentucky Derby winner, Foolish Pleasure; she has to be euthanized the following day.

July 9 – The National Assembly of Senegal passes a law that will pave way for a multi-party system (albeit highly restricted).

July 12 – São Tomé and Príncipe declare independence from Portugal.

July 17 – Apollo–Soyuz Test Project: A manned American Apollo spacecraft and the manned Soviet Soyuz spacecraft for the Soyuz 19 mission, docks in orbit, marking the first such link-up between spacecraft from the 2 nations.

July 30 – In Detroit, former Teamsters Union president Jimmy Hoffa is reported missing.

August[edit]

Main article: August 1975

The first Cuban forces arrive in Angola to join Soviet personnel who are there to assist the MPLA that controls less than a quarter of Angolan territory.[6]

The United States, Zaire and Zambia request South Africa to provide training and support for the FNLA and UNITA.[6]

August 1 – The Helsinki Accords, which officially recognize Europe's national borders and respect for human rights, are signed in Finland.

August 3 – The Louisiana Superdome opens in New Orleans.

August 5 – U.S. President Ford posthumously restores the U.S. citizenship of General Robert E. Lee, military leader of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War.

August 8

The Banqiao Dam, in China's Henan Province, fails after Typhoon Nina; over 200,000 people perish.

Samuel Bronfman II, son of the president of Seagram's, is kidnapped in Purchase, New York.

August 11

British Leyland Motor Corporation comes under British government control.

Governor Mário Lemos Pires of Portuguese East Timor abandons the capital Dili, following a UDT coup and the outbreak of civil war between UDT and Fretilin.

August 15

The Birmingham Six are wrongfully sentenced to life imprisonment in Great Britain. (They are released 1991.)

Founder President Sheikh Mujibur Rahman of Bangladesh is killed during a coup led by Major Syed Faruque Rahman.

Some members of Jehovah's Witnesses believe that Armageddon will occur this year based on the group's chronology[7] and some sell their houses and businesses to prepare for the new world paradise which they believe will be created when Jesus establishes God's Kingdom on Earth.

August 20 – Viking program: NASA launches the Viking 1 planetary probe toward Mars.

August 24 – Officers responsible for the military coup in Greece in 1967 are sentenced to death in Athens. The sentences are later commuted to life imprisonment.

August 25

The Victoria Falls Conference between Rhodesian Prime Minister Ian Smith and the United African National Council is held in a South African Railways coach on the Victoria Falls Bridge, officiated by Zambian President Kenneth Kaunda and South African Prime Minister John Vorster.

Bruce Springsteen's album Born to Run is released in the United States.

September[edit]

Main article: September 1975

September–October – In New Zealand, Māori leader Whina Cooper leads a march of 5,000 people, in support of Maori claims to their land.

September 5

In Sacramento, California, Lynette Fromme attempts to assassinate U.S. President Gerald Ford, but is thwarted by a Secret Service agent.

The London Hilton Hotel is bombed by the Provisional Irish Republican Army; two people are killed and 63 injured.[8]

September 6 – An earthquake of magnitude M 6.7 kills at least 2,085 in Diyarbakır and Lice, Turkey.

September 9 – Riverfront Coliseum opens in Cincinnati.

September 14

Elizabeth Seton is canonized, becoming the first American Roman Catholic saint.

Rembrandt's painting The Night Watch is slashed a dozen times at the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam.

September 15 – The French department of "Corse", comprising the entire island of Corsica, is divided into two departments: Haute-Corse (Upper Corsica) and Corse-du-Sud (Southern Corsica).

 

Flag of Papua New Guinea

September 16

Papua New Guinea gains its independence from Australia.

Cape Verde, Mozambique and São Tomé and Príncipe join the United Nations.

September 18 – Fugitive Patty Hearst is captured in San Francisco.

September 19

General Vasco Gonçalves is ousted as Prime Minister of Portugal.

The British comedy sitcom Fawlty Towers airs on BBC Two.

September 20 – The term of Tuanku Al-Mutassimu Billahi Muhibbudin Sultan Abdul Halim Al-Muadzam Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Badlishah, as the 5th Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia, ends.

September 21 – Sultan Yahya Petra ibni Almarhum Sultan Ibrahim Petra of Kelantan, becomes the 6th Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia.

September 22 – U.S. President Gerald Ford survives a second assassination attempt, this time by Sara Jane Moore in San Francisco.

September 24 – Dougal Haston and Doug Scott on the 1975 British Mount Everest Southwest Face expedition become the first people to reach the summit of Mount Everest by any of its faces and the first Britons to reach the summit by any route.

September 27 – Francoist Spain executes five ETA and FRAP members, the last executions in Spain to date.

September 28 – The Spaghetti House siege takes place in London.

September 30 – The Hughes Helicopters (later McDonnell-Douglas, now Boeing IDS) AH-64 Apache makes its first flight.

October[edit]

Main article: October 1975

October 1 – Thrilla in Manila: Muhammad Ali defeats Joe Frazier in a boxing match in Manila, Philippines.

October 2 – A blast at an explosives factory kills six in Beloeil, Quebec.

October 9 – A bomb explosion outside the Green Park tube station near Piccadilly in London kills one and injures 20.

October 11 – NBC airs the first episode of Saturday Night Live (George Carlin is the first host; Billy Preston and Janis Ian the first musical guests).

October 14 – The South African Defence Force invades Angola during Operation Savannah in support of the FNLA and UNITA prior to the Angolan elections scheduled for November 11.[9]

October 16

The "Balibo Five" Australian television journalists are killed at Balibo by Indonesian Army special forces in the buildup to the Indonesian invasion of East Timor.

The last naturally occurring case of smallpox is diagnosed and treated, the victim being two-year-old Rahima Banu.[10]

October 21 – 1975 World Series: The Boston Red Sox defeat the Cincinnati Reds in Game 6 off Carlton Fisk's 12th-inning home run to cap off what many consider to be the best World Series game ever played.

October 22 – 1975 World Series: The Reds defeat the Red Sox in Game 7, in a broadcast that breaks records for a televised sporting event.

October 27 – Robert Poulin kills one and wounds five at St. Pius X High School in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada before shooting himself.

October 30

Peter Sutcliffe (the "Yorkshire Ripper") commits his first murder, that of Wilma McCann.

Juan Carlos I of Spain becomes acting head of state after dictator Francisco Franco concedes that he is too ill to govern.

October 31

The Queen single "Bohemian Rhapsody" is released. It later becomes one of their most popular songs.

The Racial Discrimination Act 1975 took effect in Australia.

Tun Mustapha resigned as Chief Minister of Sabah, a state in Malaysia, bringing to an end speculation that he would attempt to lead secession for Sabah to become an independent nation.

November[edit]

Main article: November 1975

November 3

An independent audit of Mattel, one of the United States' largest toy manufacturers, reveals that company officials fabricated press releases and financial information to "maintain the appearance of continued corporate growth".

The first petroleum pipeline opens from Cruden Bay to Grangemouth, Scotland.

The long-running television game show The Price Is Right expands from 30 minutes to its current hour-long format on CBS.

November 6 – The Green March begins: 300,000 unarmed Moroccans converge on the southern city of Tarfaya and wait for a signal from King Hassan II of Morocco to cross into Western Sahara.

November 7 – A vapor cloud explosion at a petroleum cracking facility in Geleen, Netherlands leaves 14 dead and 109 injured, with fires lasting for five days.

November 10

United Nations General Assembly Resolution 3379: By a vote of 72–35 (with 32 abstentions), the United Nations General Assembly approves a resolution equating Zionism with racism. The resolution provokes an outcry among Jews around the world. It is repealed in 1991.

The 729-foot (222 m)-long freighter SS Edmund Fitzgerald sinks during a storm 27 kilometres (17 mi) from the entrance to Whitefish Bay on Lake Superior, killing all 29 crew members on board (an event immortalized in song by Gordon Lightfoot).

Lev Leshchenko revives Den Pobedy, one of the most popular World War II songs in the USSR.

November 11

Angola becomes independent from Portugal and civil war erupts.

 

Flag of Angola

Australian constitutional crisis of 1975: Governor-General of Australia Sir John Kerr controversially dismisses the Whitlam Labor Government and commissions Malcolm Fraser of the Liberal/National Country Coalition as caretaker Prime Minister.

The first annual Vogalonga rowing "race" is held in Venice, Italy.

November 12 – The Comoros joins the United Nations.

November 14 – Madrid Accords: Spain abandons Western Sahara.

November 15 – The "Group of 6" (G-6) industrialized nations is formed.

November 16 – Beginning of the Third Cod War between UK and Iceland, which lasts until June 1976.

November 19 – The United States Congress approves the Clark Amendment, ending aid to the FNLA and UNITA.

November 20

Former California Governor Ronald Reagan enters the race for the Republican presidential nomination, challenging incumbent President Gerald Ford.

Spanish dictator Francisco Franco dies in Madrid, effectively marking the end of the dictatorship established following the Spanish Civil War and the beginning of Spain's transition to democracy.

November 22 – Juan Carlos is declared King of Spain following the death of dictator Francisco Franco; he would reign until his abdication in 2014.

 

Flag of Suriname

November 25

Suriname gains independence from the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

November 26 – The cult classic movie The Rocky Horror Picture Show is released in the United States.

November 27 – Ross McWhirter, co-founder of the Guinness Book of Records, is shot dead by the Provisional Irish Republican Army for offering reward money to informers.

November 28

Portuguese Timor declares its independence from Portugal as East Timor.

South African Navy frigates evacuate 26 SADF members from behind enemy lines at Ambrizete, 160 kilometres (99 mi) north of Luanda in Angola.

November 29

The name "Micro-soft" (for microcomputer software) is used by Bill Gates in a letter to Paul Allen for the first time (Microsoft becomes a registered trademark on November 26, 1976).

While disabled, the submarine tender USS Proteus discharges radioactive coolant water into Apra Harbor, Guam. A Geiger counter at two of the harbor's public beaches shows 100 millirems/hour, 50 times the allowable dose.

Formula One world champion Graham Hill is killed when the Piper Aztec aeroplane he was piloting crashed in foggy conditions near Arkley golf course in North London.

December[edit]

Main article: December 1975

December 2 – In Laos, the communist party of the Pathet Lao takes over Vientiane and defeats the Kingdom of Laos, forcing King Sisavang Vatthana to abdicate and creating the Lao People's Democratic Republic. This ends the Laotian Civil War, with mass evacuation of American troops and Laotian civilians, but effectively begins the ongoing Insurgency in Laos with the Pathet Lao fighting the Hmong people, Royalist-in-exile and the Right-wings.

December 3 – Wreck of HMHS Britannic (sunk by mine 1916) is found in the Kea Channel by Jacques Cousteau.

December 7 – Indonesian invasion of East Timor: Indonesia invades East Timor; the occupation continues until 1999, when U.N. peacekeepers take over control until 2002.

December 8 – New York City is approved for bailout of 2.3 billion each year through to 1978 – 6.9 billion total.

December 13

1975 Australian federal election: The Liberal/National Country Coalition led by Malcolm Fraser defeats the recently dismissed Labor Government led by Gough Whitlam. The incoming Fraser Government achieves what is so far the largest parliamentary majority in federal Australian political history. Whitlam would subsequently survive a leadership challenge against him.

United Nations Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness (1961) comes into effect.[11]

December 18 – The Lutz family moves into 112 Ocean Avenue, Amityville, Long Island, New York, in the United States, only to flee from the house after 28 days, which will go on to inspire the story of The Amityville Horror.

December 21 – Six people, including Carlos the Jackal, kidnap delegates of an OPEC conference in Vienna.

December 25 – The heavy metal band Iron Maiden is formed by Steve Harris in London.

December 29 – A bomb explosion at LaGuardia Airport in New York City kills 11 people.

Date unknown[edit]

The Spanish Army quits Spanish Sahara (modern-day Western Sahara), last remnant of the Spanish Empire. The Sahrawi Republic (RASD) is created. Morocco invades the former territory.

The government of Colombia announces the finding of Ciudad Perdida.

Benoit Mandelbrot coins the mathematical term fractal.

Lyme disease is first diagnosed at Lyme, Connecticut.

Victoria (Australia) abolishes capital punishment.

South Australia becomes the first Australian state to decriminalize homosexual acts between consenting adults.

Peter Gabriel departs Genesis, and is replaced on lead vocals by drummer Phil Collins.

The first monster truck, Bigfoot, is created by Bob Chandler.

World population[edit]

World population

197519701980

World4,068,109,0003,692,492,000Green Arrow Up.svg 375,617,0004,434,682,000Green Arrow Up.svg 366,573,000

Africa408,160,000357,283,000Green Arrow Up.svg 50,877,000469,618,001Green Arrow Up.svg 61,458,000

Asia2,397,512,0002,143,118,000Green Arrow Up.svg 254,394,0002,632,335,000Green Arrow Up.svg 234,823,000

Europe675,542,000655,855,000Green Arrow Up.svg 19,687,000692,431,000Green Arrow Up.svg 16,889,000

South America200,906,000230,856,000Green Arrow Up.svg 37,050,000361,401,000Green Arrow Up.svg 39,495,000

North America320,425,000231,937,000Green Arrow Up.svg 11,488,000256,068,000Green Arrow Up.svg 12,643,000

Oceania21,564,00019,443,000Green Arrow Up.svg 2,121,00022,828,000Green Arrow Up.svg 1,264,000

Births[edit]

 

Jorge Gutierrez

January[edit]

 

Dax Shepard

 

Jason Marsden

 

Danica McKellar

 

Bradley Cooper

 

Matteo Renzi

 

Andrew Yang

 

Freddy Rodriguez

 

Sara Gilbert

 

Yumi Yoshimura

January 1

Kamaal Rashid Khan, Indian actor and internet celebrity

Sonali Bendre, Indian actress

Eiichiro Oda, Japanese manga artist

Jorge Gutierrez, Mexican animator and director

January 2

Doug Robb, American musician

Dax Shepard, American actor

Robert Westerholt, Dutch musician

January 3

Danica McKellar, American actress and education advocate

Jason Marsden, American actor

January 5

Bradley Cooper, American actor

Mike Grier, American hockey player

January 6

Jason King, British radio DJ and presenter

Yukana Nogami, Japanese voice actress

Ricardo Santos, Brazilian beach volleyball player

January 8 – Chris Simmons, British actor

January 10 – Jake Delhomme, American football player

January 11

Rory Fitzpatrick, American hockey player

Matteo Renzi, 56th Prime Minister of Italy

January 13

Shazia Mirza, British comedian

Andrew Yang, American entrepreneur, founder of Venture for America, and 2020 Democratic presidential candidate

January 15 – Mary Pierce, French tennis player

January 16 – Anthony Taberna, Filipino broadcast journalist and radio commentator

January 17

Tony Brown, New Zealand rugby union footballer

Freddy Rodriguez, American actor

January 20

David Eckstein, American baseball player

Mark Allan Robinson, Canadian recall leader

January 21 – Zach Helm, American writer, director, and producer

January 22 – Balthazar Getty, American actor

January 23 – Tito Ortiz, American mixed martial arts fighter

January 24 – Paul Marazzi, English singer

January 25

Mia Kirshner, Canadian actress

Tim Montgomery, American athlete

John Wade, American football player

January 28

Tanya Chua, Singapore singer

Terri Conn, American actress

Hiroshi Kamiya, Japanese voice actor and singer

Lee Latchford-Evans, English singer

January 29

Sharif Atkins, American television actor

Sara Gilbert, American actress

January 30 – Yumi Yoshimura, Japanese singer

January 31 – Preity Zinta, Indian actress and entrepreneur

February[edit]

 

Natalie Imbruglia

 

Drew Barrymore

 

Gary Neville

 

Brian Littrell

February 1 – Big Boi, American rapper

February 2

Todd Bertuzzi, Canadian hockey player

Ieroklis Stoltidis, Greek footballer

February 4 – Natalie Imbruglia, Australian actress and singer

February 6 – Tomoko Kawase, Japanese singer

February 9 – Vladimir Guerrero, Dominican baseball player

February 10 – Hiroki Kuroda, Japanese baseball pitcher

February 11 – Jacque Vaughn, American basketball player

February 14 – Malik Zidi, French actor

February 16 – Nanase Aikawa, Japanese singer

February 17

Harisu, South Korean singer, model and actress

Todd Harvey, Canadian hockey player

Václav Prospal, Czech hockey player

Michiko Kichise, Japanese actress

February 18

Sarah Brown, American actress

Igor Dodon, President of Moldova

Keith Gillespie, Northern Irish footballer

Gary Neville, English footballer

February 19 – Mohamed Aly, Egyptian reformist and writer

February 20 – Brian Littrell, American pop singer

February 21 – Mark Ross, American rock singer and entrepreneur

February 22 – Drew Barrymore, American actress and film producer

February 23

Wilfred Kibet Kigen, Kenyan long-distance runner

Callan Mulvey, New Zealand-born Australian actor

February 25

Chiemi Chiba, Japanese voice actress

Chelsea Handler, American comedian and television host

March[edit]

 

Valentina Monetta

 

Eva Longoria

 

Puneeth Rajkumar

 

Fergie

March 1

Maya Kulenovic, Canadian painter

Valentina Monetta, Sammarinese singer

March 4

Myrna Veenstra, Dutch field hockey player

Jerod Turner, American professional golfer

March 5

Jolene Blalock, American actress

Niki Taylor, American model

March 6 – Aracely Arámbula, Mexican actress, singer and model

March 7

Audrey Marie Anderson, American actress

Leon Dunne, Australian swimmer

T. J. Thyne, American actor

March 9

Roy Makaay, Dutch footballer

Lisa Miskovsky, Swedish musician

March 11

Eric the Midget, American TV personality (d. 2014)

Buvaisar Saitiev, Chechen wrestler

David Cañada, Spanish cyclist (d. 2016)

March 12 – Kéllé Bryan, English singer

March 15

Eva Longoria, American actress

Veselin Topalov, Bulgarian chess player

will.i.am, American rapper and singer

March 17

Andrew Martin, Canadian professional wrestler (d. 2009)

Natalie Zea, American actress

Puneeth Rajkumar, Indian actor, singer, and producer

March 18

Brian Griese, American football player

Sutton Foster, American actress

March 19

Vivian Hsu, Taiwanese singer, actress and model

Le Jingyi, Chinese swimmer

Matthew Richardson, Australian rules footballer

Brann Dailor, American drummer

March 21

Mark Williams, Welsh professional snooker player

March 25

Ladislav Benýšek, Czech ice hockey player

Melanie Blatt, English singer

March 27

Jeff Palmer, American pornographic actor and singer-songwriter

Fergie, American singer and actress

March 28 – Richard Kelly, American director

March 29 – Jan Bos, Dutch speed skater

March 30 – Bahar Soomekh, American actress

April[edit]

 

Adam Rodriguez

 

Zach Braff

 

Anouk

 

Jasey-Jay Anderson

 

Johnny Galecki

April 2

Pedro Pascal, Chilean-American actor

Adam Rodriguez, American actor

April 3

Yoshinobu Takahashi, Japanese professional baseball player

Koji Uehara, Japanese baseball pitcher

April 4

Delphine Arnault, French businesswoman and entrepreneur

Scott Rolen, American baseball player

April 5

John Hartson, Welsh footballer

Juicy J, American rapper, songwriter and record producer

April 6

Zach Braff, American actor

Sónia Lopes, Cape Verdean runner

April 7

Ronde Barber, American football player

Tiki Barber, American football player

John Cooper, America guitarist and singer

April 8 – Anouk, Dutch singer-songwriter and producer

April 9

Robbie Fowler, British footballer

David Gordon Green, American filmmaker

April 10 – David Harbour, American actor

April 13

Bruce Dyer, English footballer

Jasey-Jay Anderson, Canadian snowboarder

April 14

Amy Dumas, American professional wrestler

Stefano Miceli, Italian conductor and pianist

Anderson Silva, Brazilian UFC fighter

Takayoshi Tanimoto, Japanese singer

April 15 – Paul Dana, American race car driver (d. 2006)

April 16

Karl Yune, American actor

Megumi Ōhara, Japanese voice actress

April 17 – Lee Hyun-il, South Korean badminton player

April 21 – Danyon Loader, New Zealand swimmer

April 22

Greg Moore, Canadian race car driver (d. 1999)

Ginny Owens, American singer, songwriter, author and blogger

Carlos Sastre, Spanish road bicycle racer

April 23 – Olga Kern, Russian pianist

April 26 – Joey Jordison, American metal drummer

April 25 – Chris Lilley, Australian actor, comedian, and writer

April 27 – Kazuyoshi Funaki, Japanese ski jumper

April 29 – Eric Koston, American skateboarder

April 30

Johnny Galecki, Belgian-born American actor

Mike Chat, American actor

May[edit]

 

David Beckham

 

Christina Hendricks

 

Kimora Lee Simmons

 

Enrique Iglesias

 

Chris Diamantopoulos

 

Hélio Castroneves

 

Andrew Sega

 

Keiko Fujimori

 

André 3000

 

Jamie Oliver

May 1 – Marc-Vivien Foé, Cameroonian footballer (d. 2003)

May 2

David Beckham, English footballer

Ahmed Hassan, Egyptian footballer

May 3

Andreea Bibiri, Romanian actress and theatre director

Christina Hendricks, American actress

Kimora Lee Simmons, American fashion designer

May 7 – Jason Tunks, Canadian discus thrower

May 8

Enrique Iglesias, Spanish singer

Jussi Markkanen, Finnish hockey player

May 9 – Chris Diamantopoulos, Canadian actor

May 10

Hazem Emam, Egyptian footballer

Hélio Castroneves, Brazilian race car driver

Julie Nathanson, American actress and voice actress

Torbjørn Brundtland, Norwegian musician

May 12 – Jonah Lomu, New Zealand rugby player (d. 2015)

May 13 – Itatí Cantoral, Mexican actress

May 15

Peter Iwers, Swedish rock bassist

Ray Lewis, American football player

May 16 – Tony Kakko, Finnish singer

May 17 – Jonti Picking, British animator, voice actor and internet personality

May 18

John Higgins, Scottish snooker player

Jack Johnson, American singer-songwriter

Irina Karavayeva, Russian trampolinist

May 19

London Fletcher, American football player

Jonas Renkse, Swedish musician

Dorit Bar Or, Israeli actress

Mitsutoshi Shimabukuro, Japanese manga artist

Zhang Ning, Chinese badminton player

May 20

Al Bano, Italian singer

Tahmoh Penikett, Canadian actor

Miriam Quiambao, Filipina actress

Andrew Sega, American musician

May 22

Janne Niinimaa, Finnish hockey player

Harriet Toompere, Estonian actress

May 23 – Michiel van den Bos, Dutch composer

May 25

Keiko Fujimori, Peruvian politician

Lauryn Hill, American singer

May 26

Tsuruno Takeshi, Japanese actor and singer

May 27

André 3000, American musician, record producer, and actor

Chrigel Glanzmann, Swiss metal singer

Jamie Oliver, English chef, restaurateur and television personality

ZP Theart, South African singer and songwriter

May 28 – Charmaine Sheh, Hong Kong actress

May 29

Gunnar Garfors, Norwegian media professional, traveller, and author

Jason Allison, Canadian hockey player

Melanie Brown, British singer

Daniel Tosh, American comedian

May 31 – Toni Nieminen, Finnish ski jumper

June[edit]

 

Bryan Konietzko

 

Russell Brand

 

Angelina Jolie

 

Linda Cardellini

 

Tobey Maguire

June 1

Gareth Edwards, British director

Bryan Konietzko, American animator

June 4

Russell Brand, English actor and comedian

Angelina Jolie, American actress

June 5

Scott Holroyd, American actor

June 7

Shane Bond, New Zealand fast bowler

Allen Iverson, American basketball player

Ekta Kapoor, Indian actress

June 8 – Shilpa Shetty, Bollywood actress

June 9

Andrew Symonds, Australian cricketer

Ameesha Patel, Indian actress and model

June 10 – Darren Eadie, English footballer

June 11

Choi Ji-woo, South Korean actress and model

Gergely Karácsony, Hungarian politician

June 14

Chris Onstad, American cartoonist

Laurence Rickard, English actor, writer and comedian

June 15 – Elizabeth Reaser, American actress

June 16 – Anabel Conde, Spanish singer

June 17 – Phiyada Akkraseranee, Thai actress

June 18 – Martin St. Louis, Canadian hockey player

June 19

Oksana Chusovitina, German artistic gymnast

Ed Coode, British rower

June 21 – Oscar Wood, American wrestler

June 22 – Jeff Hephner, American actor

June 23

Lee Kiat Lee, Malaysian politician

Kate Tunstall, Scottish singer-songwriter

Markus Zusak, Australian writer

June 24

Remco van der Ven, Dutch cyclist

Christie Pearce, American footballer

Jean-Kome Loglo, Togolese tennis player

Carla Gallo, American actress

June 25

Linda Cardellini, American actress

Natasha Klauss, Colombian actress

Vladimir Kramnik, Russian chess player

June 26

Gwendolyn Rutten, Belgian politician

Luke Mejares, Filipino singer-songwriter

Florence Loiret Caille, French actress

June 27

Tobey Maguire, American actor

Mosese Rauluni, Fijian rugby union footballer

Timote Moleni, Tongan footballer

June 28

Jeff Geddis, Canadian actor

Ning Baizura, Malaysian singer

Jon Nödtveidt, Swedish singer (d. 2006)

June 29

Șerban Pavlu, Romanian actor

Mime Gopi, Indian actor

June 30

Robert Avellanet, Puerto Rican singer and actor

Ralf Schumacher, German racing car driver

Angela Tong, Hong Kong actress

July[edit]

 

50 Cent

 

Jack White

 

Cécile de France

 

Judy Greer

 

Suriya

 

Torrie Wilson

July 1 – Sufjan Stevens, American musician

July 2

Stefan Terblanche, South African rugby union player

Maxim Mehmet, German actor

July 3 – Ryan McPartlin, American actor

July 4

Scott Major, Australian actor and director

John Lloyd Young, American actor and singer

July 5

Zander de Bruyn, South African cricketer

Hernán Crespo, Argentinian footballer

Kip Gamblin, Australian actor

Surya Saputra, Indonesian actor, singer, and model

Alberto Castillo, Cuban baseball pitcher

Patrick Hivon, Canadian actor

Ai Sugiyama, Japanese tennis player

July 6

50 Cent, American rapper

Sebastián Rulli, Argentine actor and model

Alessandro Juliani, Canadian actor and singer

July 7

João Bosco Cabral, Timorese footballer

Richard Arkless, Scottish politician

Jason Brilz, American mixed martial artist

Khaled Gahwji, Saudi football player

Nina Hoss, German actress

July 8

Amara, Indonesian actress, model, and singer

Elias Viljanen, Finnish musician

Régis Laconi, French motorcycle racer

July 9

Shelton Benjamin, American professional wrestler

Damián Szifron, Argentine director and screenwriter

Robert Koenig, American film director and producer

Jack White, American singer and guitarist

July 10

Martina Colombari, Italian actress, model and television presenter

Edoardo Gabbriellini, Italian actor, screenwriter, and director

Alain Nasreddine, Canadian ice hockey player

Stefán Karl Stefánsson, Icelandic actor (d. 2018)

July 11

Spencer Cox, American lawyer and politician

Jon Wellner, American actor

Bridgette Andersen, American actress (d. 1997)

July 12 – Race Owen, American actor

July 13 – Diego Spotorno, Ecuadorian actor and TV host

July 14 – Flore Zoé, Dutch photographer

July 15

K Brosas, Filipino actress, comedian, singer and television host

Jill Halfpenny, British actress

July 16 – Edoardo Gabbriellini, Italian actor, screenwriter, and director

July 17

Elena Anaya, Spanish actress

Darude, Finnish DJ and record producer

Cécile de France, Belgian actress

Harlette, British fashion designer

Konnie Huq, English television presenter

Terence Tao, Australian-American mathematician

July 18

Torii Hunter, American baseball player

Daron Malakian, Armenian-American guitarist

July 19

Heather Armstrong, American blogger

Patricia Ja Lee, American actress and model

Kamijo, Japanese singer-songwriter, musician, and music producer

July 20

Judy Greer, American actress and author

Ray Allen, American basketball player

July 21 – Fredrik Johansson, Swedish musician

July 22 – Kenshin Kawakami, Japanese baseball pitcher

July 23 – Suriya, Indian actor

July 24

Eric Szmanda, American actor

Torrie Wilson, American professional wrestler and model

July 25

Håvard Ellefsen, Norwegian musician

Evgeni Nabokov, Kazakh-Russian hockey goaltender

July 27

Shea Hillenbrand, American baseball player

Alex Rodriguez, American baseball player

July 29 – Terrence Wilkins, American football player

July 30

Tazin Ahmed, Bangladeshi journalist, actress, playwright, and director (d. 2018)

Graham Nicholls, British artist

August[edit]

 

Charlize Theron

 

Roger Craig Smith

 

Casey Affleck

 

Kaitlin Olson

 

Dante Basco

August 1

Danny Chan Kwok-kwan, Hong Kong actor

Vhrsti, Czech illustrator

August 3 – Yoyo Mung, Hong Kong actress

August 4

Andy Hallett, American singer and actor (d. 2009)

Jason Crump, Australian motorcycle speedway rider

August 5

Kajol Devgan, Indian actress

Eicca Toppinen, Finnish cellist

August 7

Gaahl (Kristian Eivind Espedal), Norwegian musician

Megan Gale, Australian model and actress

Charlize Theron, South African actress

August 9 – Mahesh Babu, Indian actor

August 11 – Roger Craig Smith, American voice actor

August 12 – Casey Affleck, American actor and film director

August 13 – Shoaib Akhtar, Pakistani fast bowler

August 15 – Kara Wolters, American basketball player

August 16 – Taika Waititi, New Zealand filmmaker, actor, and comedian

August 18 – Kaitlin Olson, American actress

August 22

Sheree Murphy, English actress

Rodrigo Santoro, Brazilian actor

August 24 – Hayato Sakurai, Japanese martial artist

August 25 – Raymond Wong Ho-yin, Hong Kong actor

August 27 – Björn Gelotte, Swedish musician

August 29

Dante Basco, American actor

August 31 – Sara Ramirez, American Actress

September[edit]

 

Mark Ronson

 

Michael Bublé

 

Jimmie Johnson

 

Jason Sudeikis

 

Moon Bloodgood

 

Declan Donnelly

 

Marion Cotillard

September 1

Maritza Rodríguez, Colombian former actress and model

Natalie Bassingthwaighte, Australian actress and singer

Elvira Rahić, Bosnian singer

Scott Speedman, Canadian actor

September 2 – Czech neo-burlesque impresario

September 3 – Redfoo, American disc jockey

September 4 – Mark Ronson, English DJ, record producer, and singer

September 6

Derrek Lee, American baseball player

Ryoko Tani, Japanese judoka

September 7 – Renato Sobral, Brazilian martial artist

September 9 – Michael Bublé, Canadian musician

September 10 – R. Luke DuBois, American composer and artist

September 11 – Brad Fischetti, American musician

September 13 – Peter Ho, American-Taiwanese singer and actor

September 16

Gal Fridman, Israeli windsurfer

Shannon Noll, Australian singer

September 17

Jimmie Johnson, American race car driver

Constantine Maroulis, American singer

Juan Pablo Montoya, Colombian race car driver

September 18

Charlie Finn, American actor

Richard Appleby, English footballer

Jason Sudeikis, American actor, comedian, and screenwriter

September 20

Asia Argento, Italian actress, singer, and director

Moon Bloodgood, American actress

September 22

Mireille Enos, American actress

Ethan Moreau, Canadian hockey player

September 23 – Kim Dong-moon, South Korean badminton player

September 25

Declan Donnelly, British TV presenter, actor and singer

Matt Hasselbeck, American football player

September 27 – Sam Lee, Hong Kong actor

September 28 – Ana Brnabić, Prime Minister of Serbia

September 30

Marion Cotillard, French actress, singer, songwriter, and musician

Ta-Nehisi Coates, American author and journalist

Christopher Jackson, American actor, musician, and composer

Georges-Alain Jones, French singer

Glenn Fredly, Indonesian R&B singer and songwriter

October[edit]

 

Bimba Bosé

 

Kate Winslet

 

Scott Weinger

 

Sean Lennon

 

Jesse Tyler Ferguson

October 1 – Bimba Bosé, Spanish model, actress and singer (d. 2017)

October 3 – Alanna Ubach, American actress and singer

October 5

Monica Rial, American voice actress

Kate Winslet, British actress

Scott Weinger, American actor

Gao Yuanyuan, Chinese actress

Parminder Nagra, British actress

October 7

Terry Gerin, American professional wrestler

Kaspars Znotiņš, Latvian actor

October 9 – Joe McFadden, British actor

October 9 – Sean Lennon, American musician

October 10 – Ihsahn, Norwegian musician

October 14

Floyd Landis, American cyclist

Shaznay Lewis, English singer

October 15 – Michél Mazingu-Dinzey, German-Congolese footballer

October 16

Sally Biddulph, British journalist and presenter

Jacques Kallis, South African cricketer

October 19

Benjamin Heckendorn, American electronics modifier and independent filmmaker

James L. Venable, American composer

October 20 – Natalie Gregory, American child actress

October 21

Henrique Hilário, Portuguese footballer

Madchild, Canadian rapper

October 22

Jesse Tyler Ferguson, American actor

Mike Riley, American cartoonist

October 23

Odalys García, Cuban-born actress

Keith Van Horn, American basketball player

Michelle Beadle, American sports reporter and host

October 24 – Melissa Hutchison, American voice actress

October 25 – Zadie Smith, English writer

October 30 – Ian D'Sa, Canadian guitarist

October 31 – Director X, Canadian music video director

November[edit]

 

Tara Reid

 

Jason Lezak

 

Anthony McPartlin

November 2

Zhang Ouying, Chinese footballer (d. 2018)

Danny Cooksey, American actor, voice actor and singer

November 3 – Marta Domínguez, Spanish athlete

November 4

Éric Fichaud, Canadian hockey player

Lorenzen Wright, American basketball player (d. 2010)[12]

November 5

Lisa Scott-Lee, Welsh singer

Jamie Spaniolo (Jamie Madrox), American rapper

November 7 – Marcus Luttrell, American U.S. Navy Seal

November 8

Ángel Corella, Spanish dancer

Tara Reid, American actress

Steve J. Palmer, American actor and producer

November 10 – Markko Märtin, Estonian race car driver

November 11

Daisuke Ohata, Japanese rugby union player

Angélica Vale, Mexican-American actress, singer, and comedian

November 12 – Jason Lezak, American swimmer

November 14 – Faye Tozer, English singer

November 15 – Hiromi Ominami, Japanese long-distance runner

November 16

Yuki Uchida, Japanese actress

Julio Lugo, Dominican baseball player

November 18

Neal E. Boyd, American singer and reality show winner (America's Got Talent) (d. 2018)

Anthony McPartlin, British TV presenter, actor and singer

David Ortiz, Dominican-American baseball player

November 19 – Sushmita Sen, Indian beauty queen and actress

November 20

Dierks Bentley, American country music singer

Joshua Gomez, American actor

November 21

Cherie Johnson, American actress

Chris Moneymaker, American poker player

Aaron Solowoniuk, Canadian drummer

November 22

James Madio, American actor

Michael Cohen, Canadian actor and writer

November 24

Thomas Kohnstamm, American writer

Lee Wan Wah, Malaysian badminton player

November 26 – DJ Khaled, American DJ, record executive, songwriter, record producer and media personality

November 27 – Bad Azz, American rapper (d. 2019)

November 28 – Eka Kurniawan, Indonesian writer

November 30

Mindy McCready, American country music singer (d. 2013)

Ben Thatcher, Welsh footballer

December[edit]

 

David Hornsby

 

Mayim Bialik

 

Tom DeLonge

 

Tiger Woods

December 1 – David Hornsby, American actor

December 2 – Malinda Williams, American actress

December 3 – Csaba Czébely, Hungarian drummer

December 5

Sofi Marinova, Bulgarian singer

Ronnie O'Sullivan, British snooker player

Paula Patton, American actress

December 6

Ashin, Taiwanese singer

December 8 – Kevin Harvick, American race car driver

December 10 – Joe Mays, American baseball pitcher

December 11 – Gerben de Knegt, Dutch cyclist

December 12

Mayim Bialik, Israeli-American actress and neuroscientist

Houko Kuwashima, Japanese voice actress

December 13

Lucía Meza Guzmán, Mexican politician

Tom DeLonge, American guitarist and vocalist

December 16

Frode Fjerdingstad, Norwegian photographer

Ben Kowalewicz, Canadian vocalist

December 17

Tim Clark, South African golfer

Nick Dinsmore, American professional wrestler

Susanthika Jayasinghe, Sri Lankan athlete

Hilje Murel, Estonian actress

Milla Jovovich, Ukrainian-born American actress and model

December 18

Sia Furler (aka Sia), Australian singer-songwriter and music video director

Trish Stratus, Canadian professional wrestler and model

Randy Houser, American country music singer

Masaki Sumitani, Japanese television performer

December 20 – Bartosz Bosacki, Polish footballer

December 21

Paloma Herrera, Argentine ballet dancer

Charles Michel, Belgian politician, 51st Prime Minister of Belgium

Dixon, German house and techno DJ, producer and label manager

December 23 – Vadim Sharifijanov, Russian ice hockey player

December 26

Ed Stafford, English explorer

Marcelo Ríos, Chilean tennis player

December 27

Heather O'Rourke, American child actress (d. 1988)

Nike Ardilla, Indonesian singer (d. 1995)

Solomun, Bosnian DJ and music producer

December 29 – Shawn Hatosy, American actor

December 30

Yoma Komatsu, Japanese singer

Tiger Woods, American golfer

December 31 – Mikko Sirén, Finnish drummer

Deaths[edit]

January[edit]

 

Gustavo Rojas Pinilla

January 3

Victor Kraft, Austrian philosopher (b. 1880)

Lalit Narayan Mishra, Indian politician (b. 1923)

January 4 – Ole Rømer Aagaard Sandberg, Norwegian military officer and farmer (b. 1888)

January 7 – Harry Gunnison Brown, American economist teaching at Yale in 20th century (b. 1880)

January 8 – Louis P. Lochner, American political activist, journalist, and author (b. 1887)

January 9 – Pierre Fresnay, French actor (b. 1897)

January 14 – Georgi Traykov, former head of State of Bulgaria as Chairman of the Presidium of the National Assembly (b. 1898)

January 16 – Bandō Mitsugorō VIII, Japanese actor (b. 1906)

January 17 – Gustavo Rojas Pinilla, 19th President of Colombia (b. 1900)

January 18 – Evelyn Greeley, American silent film actress (b. 1888)

January 19 – Thomas Hart Benton, American artist (b. 1889)

January 23 – Prince Karl Franz of Prussia (b. 1916)

January 27

Antonín Novotný, Czechoslovak Communist leader and 7th President of Czechoslovakia (b. 1904)

Bill Walsh, American film producer and writer (b. 1913)

January 28 – Ola Raknes, Norwegian psychoanalyst and philologist (b. 1887)

February[edit]

 

Julian Huxley

 

P. G. Wodehouse

February 3 – Umm Kulthum, Egyptian actress and singer (b. 1904)

February 4 – Louis Jordan, American musician (b. 1908)

February 5 – George Rowe, American actor (b. 1894)

February 8

Robert Robinson, British chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1886)

Jan Mukařovský, Czech literary, linguistic and aesthetic theorist. (b. 1891)

February 10 – Dave Alexander, American musician (b. 1947)

February 14

Julian Huxley, British biologist (b. 1887)

P. G. Wodehouse, English writer (b. 1881)

February 16 – Morgan Taylor, American Olympic athlete (b. 1903)

February 18 – Chivu Stoica, Romanian Communist politician, 48th Prime Minister of Romania and head of State (b. 1908)

February 19 – Luigi Dallapiccola, Italian composer (b. 1904)

February 24 – Nikolai Bulganin, Premier of the Soviet Union (b. 1895)

February 25 – Elijah Muhammad, American Nation of Islam leader (b. 1897)

March[edit]

 

Joseph Bech

 

George Stevens

 

Ivo Andrić

 

Susan Hayward

March 3 – Therese Giehse, German actress (b. 1898)

March 7

Mikhail Bakhtin, Russian philosopher and literary scholar (b. 1895)

Ben Blue, Canadian actor and comedian (b. 1901)

March 8

Joseph Bech, Prime Minister of Luxembourg (b. 1887)

George Stevens, American director, producer and cinematographer (b. 1904)

March 9

Gleb W. Derujinsky, Russian-American sculptor (b. 1888)

Joseph Dunninger, American mentalist (b. 1892)

March 10 – Arthur W. Hummel Sr., American Christian missionary to China (b. 1884)

March 11 – Margarita Fischer, German silent film actress (b. 1886)

March 13 – Ivo Andrić, Serbo-Croatian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1892)

March 14 – Susan Hayward, American actress (b. 1917)

March 15 – Aristotle Onassis, Greek shipping magnate (b. 1906)

March 16

T-Bone Walker, American blues performer (b. 1910)

Richard W. DeKorte, American New Jersey Energy Administrator and former member of the New Jersey General Assembly (b. 1936)

March 19

Harry Lachman, American set designer and film director (b. 1886)

Roy Middleton, Australian cricketer and administrator (b. 1889)

March 20 – Infante Jaime, Duke of Segovia, (b. 1908)

March 21 – Joe Medwick, American baseball player (St. Louis Cardinals) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1911)

March 25

King Faisal of Saudi Arabia (b. 1906)

Deiva Zivarattinam, Indian politician (b. 1894)

March 27 – Sir Arthur Bliss, British composer and Master of the Queen's Music (b. 1891)

March 30 – Boots Adams, American business magnate, president of Phillips Petroleum Company (b. 1899)

April[edit]

 

Chiang Kai-shek

 

Josephine Baker

April 5

Chiang Kai-shek, Chinese nationalist general and politician, 1st President of the Republic of China (b. 1887)

Harold Osborn, American Olympic athlete (b. 1899)

Victor Marijnen, Dutch politician and jurist, 40th Prime Minister of the Netherlands (b. 1917)

April 6 – Percival Gordon, Canadian lawyer (b. 1884)

April 10

Walker Evans, American photographer (b. 1903)

Marjorie Main, American actress (b. 1890)

April 12 – Josephine Baker, France entertainer, activist (b. 1906)

April 14

Fredric March, American actor (b. 1897)

Michael Flanders, English actor and songwriter (b. 1922)

April 17 – Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, Indian philosopher and politician, 2nd President of India (b. 1888)

April 20 – Abu Bakr Ahmad Haleem, Pakistani scientist (b. 1897)

April 24 – Pete Ham, Welsh singer, songwriter and guitarist (b. 1947)

April 30 – Gen Paul, French artist (b. 1895)

May[edit]

 

Avery Brundage

May 4 – Moe Howard, American actor and comedian (b. 1897)

May 6 – Mary Stocks, Baroness Stocks, British writer (b. 1891)

May 8 – Avery Brundage, American administrator, 5th President of the International Olympic Committee (b. 1887)

May 9

Philip Dorn, Dutch actor (b. 1901)

Archduke Franz Josef of Austria, Prince of Tuscany (b. 1905)

May 13 – Richard Hollingshead, American inventor of the drive-in theatre (b. 1900)

May 18

Leroy Anderson, American composer (b. 1908)

Aníbal Troilo, Argentine tango musician (b. 1914)

May 20 – Dame Barbara Hepworth, English sculptor and artist (b. 1903)

May 22

Lefty Grove, American baseball player (Philadelphia Athletics) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1900)

Amanda Labarca, Chilean diplomat, educator, writer and feminist (b. 1886)

Torben Meyer, Danish actor (b. 1884)

May 23

Paul Legentilhomme, French general (b. 1884)

Moms Mabley, American comedian (b. 1894)

May 24 – Guy La Chambre, French politician (b. 1898)

May 25 – Count Dante, American martial artist (b. 1939)

May 28 – Ezzard Charles, American boxer, former World Heavyweight Champion (b. 1921)

May 30

Philip Mairet, American designer, writer and journalist. (b. 1886)

Steve Prefontaine, American distance runner (b. 1951)

Tatsuo Shimabuku, Japanese martial artist and founder of Isshin-ryu karate (b. 1908)

Michel Simon, Swiss actor (b. 1895)

June[edit]

 

Eisaku Satō

 

Rafael Arévalo Martínez

June 3

Eisaku Satō, Japanese politician, 39th Prime Minister of Japan, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1901)

Ozzie Nelson, American actor, director and producer (b. 1906)

June 4 – Evelyn Brent, American actress (b. 1899)

June 9 – Albert Spencer, 7th Earl Spencer, British aristocrat (b. 1898)

June 11 – Apollo Granforte, Italian opera singer (b. 1886)

June 12 – Rafael Arévalo Martínez, Guatemalan writer (b. 1884)

June 13 – José María Guido, 33rd President of Argentina (b. 1910)

June 15 – William Austin, English actor (b. 1884)

June 18 – Hugo Bergmann, German and Israeli Jewish philosopher (b. 1883)

June 23 – William Hansen, American actor (b. 1911)

June 27

Arthur Salter, 1st Baron Salter, British politician (b. 1884)

G. I. Taylor, British physicist, mathematician and expert on fluid dynamics and wave theory (b. 1886)

June 29 – Tim Buckley, American singer-songwriter (b. 1947)

July[edit]

 

Lefty Frizzell

July 2 – James Robertson Justice, British actor (b. 1907)

July 4 – Luigi Carlo Borromeo, Italian Roman Catholic bishop (b. 1893)

July 6 – Olive Pink, Australian botanical illustrator and anthropologist (b. 1884)

July 10 – Achille Van Acker, 33rd Prime Minister of Belgium (b. 1898)

July 12 – Zulfiqar Ali Bukhari, Pakistan broadcaster (b. 1904)

July 15 – Charles Weidman, American choreographer and dancer (b. 1901)

July 17

Konstantine Gamsakhurdia, Georgian writer and public benefactor (b. 1893)

L. F. Powell, English literary scholar (b. 1881)

July 18 – Vaughn Bodē, American artist and psychedelic cartoonist (b. 1941)

July 19

Lefty Frizzell, American singer (b. 1928)

Charles Alan Pownall, American admiral and third Military Governor of Guam (b. 1887)

July 21 – Billy West, American actor (b. 1892)

July 23 – Emlen Tunnell, American football player and coach (b. 1924)

July 27 – Anne Spencer, American poet (b. 1882)

August[edit]

 

Dmitri Shostakovich

 

Sheikh Mujibur Rahman

 

Haile Selassie I

 

Éamon de Valera

August 3

Andreas Embirikos, Greek poet (b. 1901)

Jack Molinas, American basketball player (b. 1931)

August 9 – Dmitri Shostakovich, Russian composer (b. 1906)

August 10

Helen Bailey, eight-year-old schoolgirl who was killed near her home in Birmingham, England

Robert Barton, Irish politician and last surviving signatory of the Anglo-Irish Treaty (b. 1881)

August 11

Rachel Katznelson-Shazar, Zionist political figure and wife of third President of Israel (b. 1885)

Anthony McAuliffe, American general (b. 1898)

August 14 – Charles Pollard Olivier, American astronomer (b. 1884)

August 15 – Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, 2nd Prime Minister of Bangladesh and 1st and 4th President of Bangladesh (assassinated) (b. 1920)

August 16 – Vladimir Kuts, Soviet runner (b. 1927)

August 17 – Sig Arno, German actor (b. 1895)

August 19

Mark Donohue, American race car driver (b. 1937)

Frank Shields, American tennis player (b. 1909)

August 23

Sidney Buchman, American screenwriter (b. 1902)

Hank Patterson, American actor (b. 1888)

August 25 – Joseph Kane, American film director and producer (b. 1894)

August 26 – Cullen Landis, American actor (b. 1896)

August 27 – Haile Selassie I, Emperor of Ethiopia (b. 1892)

August 28 – Fritz Wotruba, Austrian sculptor (b. 1907)

August 29

Bob Baker, American actor (b. 1910)

Éamon de Valera, Irish politician and statesman, 3rd President of Ireland and 3-time Taoiseach (b. 1882)

August 31 – Pierre Blaise, French actor (b. 1952)

September[edit]

September 2 – Mabel Vernon, American suffragist and pacifist (b. 1883)

September 5 – Alice Catherine Evans, American microbiologist (b. 1881)

September 9

Minta Durfee, American actress (b. 1889)

Ethel Griffies, British actress (b. 1878)

September 10

George Paget Thomson, British physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1892)

Heinz Heimsoeth, German historian (b. 1886)

September 11 – Ivan Afanasenko, Soviet red army general (b. 1923)

September 13 – Mudicondan Venkatarama Iyer, Indian musician (b. 1897)

September 15 – Pavel Sukhoi, Soviet aerospace engineer, twice Hero of Socialist Labour (b. 1895)

September 16 – Irene Hayes, American Ziegfeld girl and businesswoman (b. 1896)

September 19 – Pamela Brown, English actress (b. 1917)

September 20 – Saint-John Perse, French diplomat and writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1887)

September 23 – Ian Hunter, British actor (b. 1900)

September 24 – Earle Cabell, American politician (b. 1906)

September 26 – C. H. Waddington, British biologist, paleontologist, geneticist and philosopher (b. 1905)

September 27 – Jack Lang, Australian politician (b. 1876)

September 29 – Casey Stengel, American baseball player (Brooklyn Dodgers) and manager (New York Yankees, New York Mets) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1890)

October[edit]

 

Gustav Ludwig Hertz

October 3 – Guy Mollet, 94th Prime Minister of France (b. 1905)

October 4 – May Sutton, American tennis champion (b. 1886)

October 6 – Chiura Obata, Japanese-American artist (b. 1885)

October 10

Norman Levinson, American mathematician (b. 1912)

Lillian Walker, American actress (b. 1887)

October 11 –István Antal, Hungarian politician (b. 1896)

October 16 – Benjamin McCandlish, Governor of Guam (b. 1886)

October 19 – Cesare Bettarini, Italian actor (b. 1901)

October 22

Prince Gabriel of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (b. 1897)

Arnold J. Toynbee, English historian (b. 1889)

October 27

Peregrino Anselmo, Uruguyan football player (b. 1902)

Rex Stout, American author (b. 1886)

October 28 – Georges Carpentier, French boxer (b. 1894)

October 30 – Gustav Ludwig Hertz, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1887)

November[edit]

 

Pier Paolo Pasolini

 

Francisco Franco

November 2 – Pier Paolo Pasolini, Italian film director (assassinated) (b. 1922)

November 4 – Francis Dvornik, Czech historian (b. 1893)

November 5

Annette Kellerman, Australian swimmer and actress (b. 1887)

Julian C. Smith, American general (b. 1885)

Agustín Tosco, Argentine union leader (b. 1930)

Lionel Trilling, American literary critic (b. 1905)

Sejfi Vllamasi, Albanian congressman (b. 1883)

November 6 – Norman Riches, Welsh cricketer (b. 1883)

November 13 – R. C. Sherriff, English writer (b. 1896)

November 14 – Artemi Ayvazyan, Soviet composer (b. 1902)

November 17 – Kay Johnson, American actress (b. 1904)

November 20

Francisco Franco, Spanish dictator (b.

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