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Map c1577 | by John_Beswick
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Map c1577

An old map depicting Conwy, Llandudno and Penrhyn.


The area has a rich and colourful history:


According to legend, in 1170 Prince Madog ab Owain Gwynedd and his brother, Riryd, sailed from Aber Cerrig Gwynion (now Rhos-on-Sea) in two ships, the Gorn Gwynant and the Pedr Sant. They sailed west and landed in what is now Alabama in the USA.


Prince Madog then returned to Wales with great tales of his adventures and persuaded others to return to America with him. They sailed from Lundy Island in 1171 and were never heard of again.


On 14 April 1587, printing material for Catholic literature was found in a cave on the Little Orme, where it had been used by the recusant Robert Pugh (squire of Penrhyn Hall) and his Chaplain Father William Davies to print Y Drych Cristianogawl (The Christian Mirror), allegedly the first book to be printed in Wales*. They had taken refuge there during the persecution of Catholics instigated by Queen Elizabeth I in May 1586.


* According to alternative sources, in 1546, Sir John Price (John Prys of Brecon) published the first book in the Welsh language, his collection of basic religious texts was entitled "Yn Llyvyr Hwnn" (In This Book).


On Bryn Euryn can be found the remains of a mansion, commonly known as Llys Euryn or Plas Bryneuryn (in English, The Palace of the Golden Hill). Llys has a subtlety different meaning to plas, or palace, and would have been applied to the fortified court of a local ruler in the early medieval (Dark Age) period, so could there be an older building below the present one? Maybe, but there are no signs of Camelot ever being built here!


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Taken on September 13, 2008