Scientific Method: Relationships Among Scientific Paradigms

(Credit: Research & Node Layout: Kevin Boyack and Dick Klavans (; Data: Thompson ISI; Graphics & Typography: W. Bradford Paley ( ); Commissioned Katy Börner (


This map was constructed by sorting roughly 800,000 published papers into 776 different scientific paradigms (shown as pale circular nodes) based on how often the papers were cited together by authors of other papers. Links (curved black lines) were made between the paradigms that shared papers, then treated as rubber bands, holding similar paradigms nearer one another when a physical simulation forced every paradigm to repel every other; thus the layout derives directly from the data. Larger paradigms have more papers; node proximity and darker links indicate how many papers are shared between two paradigms. Flowing labels list common words unique to each paradigm, large labels general areas of scientific inquiry.


Information Esthetics, an organization founded by map co-creator W. Bradford Paley, is giving away 25" x 24" prints of the Map of Science. Visit the Information Esthetics site to order a free print. (Shipping and handling are not included.)



  • Vincent Malic 8y

    This thing is incredible. My copy is in the mail already! Irresistible.
  • Aaron Quigley PRO 8y

    Nice to see this work from Kevin Boyack and Dick Klavans at the has moved on.
  • Ray Tomes 8y

    Wow! I used to work in making multi-dimensional maps of data in the 1970s, but with 64KB of memory we had samples of about 1,000 not 800,000.

    This would look good posted in Renaissance Man (or Woman) Group
  • Colin Purrington 8y

    Oooh, cool. Thanks for the freebie tip.
  • Joe Lafferty PRO 8y

    very cool indeed!
  • m.asadsaad26 7y

    amazing stuff
55 faves
Taken on March 27, 2007

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