Detail of manuscript.
The Matenadaran at Yerevan, the capital of Armenia.
The Matenadaran is one of the oldest and richest book-depositories in the world.
Its collection of about 17.000 manuscripts includes almost all the areas of
ancient and medieval Armenian culture and sciences - history, geography,
grammar, philosophy, law, medicine, mathematics-cosmography, theory of calendar,
alchemy-chemistry, translations, literature, chronology, art history, miniature,
music and theatre, as well as manuscripts in Arabic, Persian, Greek, Syrian,
Latin, Ethiopian, Indian, Japanese and others. In this center of cultural
heritage many originals, lost in their mother languages and known only of their
Armenian translations, have been saved from loss.
The history of the Matenadaran dates back to the creation of the Armenian
alphabet in 405.