Hemidactylium scutatum (Four-toed Salamander)
March, 2013. Jefferson County, Indiana.
Four-toed salamanders are one of the smallest North American salamanders and they are found throughout much of eastern North America. They inhabit mesic woodlands and require mossy seepages, ditches, or wetlands in which to breed. During March and April, the females lay their eggs under moss overhanging wetlands and guard their eggs. Upon hatching, the larvae squirm down into the water where they will develop quickly.