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Russet Sparrow (Passer rutilans) - Male | by Meenakshi Mallik
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Russet Sparrow (Passer rutilans) - Male

This photograph was taken at Aru Wildlife Sanctuary, Jammu and Kashmir.


The Russet Sparrow (Passer rutilans), also called the Cinnamon or Cinnamon Tree Sparrow, is a passerine bird of the sparrow family Passeridae. A chunky little seed-eating bird with a thick bill, it has a body length of 14–15 cm.


The male Russet Sparrow is a small bird with a bright cinnamon or chestnut crown and upperparts, black streaking on the mantle, a black throat and lores, dirty whitish cheeks and creamy underparts. The female is brownish above with a blackish eye-stripe, a long creamy supercilium and whitish underparts. The iris is brown and the feet are pinkish. The bill is dark gray in the male and yellow with a dark tip in the female.


The Russet Sparrow frequents upland open forest, woodland and scrub near cultivation. It is usually seen singly or in pairs, and feeds on insects, buds, fruits, seeds and agricultural products.

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Taken on January 1, 2007