The cormorant is a species of bird in the cormorant family. The species' range includes large parts of Europe, Asia and Africa, as well as Australia and New Zealand, Greenland and the east coast of North America. As with all members of the genus Phalacrocorax, their diet consists almost exclusively of fish. Cormorants are gregarious at all times of the year, and breeding colonies are located on coasts or larger bodies of water. The population and distribution of the species in Europe have been strongly influenced by massive human persecution, and in inland Central Europe the species was almost extinct at times. In recent decades, a significant population recovery has been recorded. The cormorant was Bird of the Year 2010 in Germany and Austria.