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Cymbopogon nardus (L.) Rendle | by Ahmad Fuad Morad
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Cymbopogon nardus (L.) Rendle

Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia.

 

Cymbopogon nardus (L.) Rendle. Poaceae. CN: [Malay - Serai wangi, Ceylon citronella, Citronella, Giant turpentine grass, Nard grass, New citronella grass, Oleum Siree, Lenabatu. Native obscure; claimed from tropical Africa and tropical Asia. Herbaceous perennial; leaves with tufts of narrow leaf reaching up to ca 2 m height. The panicles are narrow, 115.3 cm long. Widely cultivated for its essential oil, principally citronellal, geraniol, citronellol and generically referred as citronella oil. Uses include for perfumery, insecticides and many others including in folk medicines. The leaves are used by natives to prepare decoction and poultices for aromatherapy and post-natal treatments.

 

Synonym(s):

Andropogon confertiflorus Steud.

Andropogon nardus L.

Andropogon nardus var. validus Stapf

Cymbopogon afronardus Stapf

Cymbopogon confertiflorus (Steud.) Stapf

Cymbopogon nardus var. confertiflorus (Steud.) Stapf ex Bor

Cymbopogon validus (Stapf) Burtt Davy

and many more; see The Plant List www.theplantlist.org/tpl/record/kew-406227

 

Ref and suggested reading:

www.theplantlist.org/tpl/record/kew-406227

www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?12810

www.floridata.com/ref/c/cymb_nar.cfm

neyberltda.com/productos/aceiteesencial/eng/I._ACEITE_ESE...

beneforce.com/informationfaq/herbal-medicines/citronella.htm

 

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Taken on September 17, 2011