Gammelstad Church Town/Gammelstads kyrkstad (UNESCO World Heritage) in Luleå, North Sweden
Wikipedia and local information sign: Gammelstad Church Town is a UNESCO World Heritage Site situated in Gammelstaden near the city of Luleå, Sweden at the northern end of the Gulf of Bothnia. It is the best preserved example of a type of town that was once widespread throughout northern Scandinavia. At its centre is an early 15th century stone church surrounded by 424 wood-built houses. The first houses were built in the early 16th century. The population was obliged to attend the church regularly and thus needed lodgings also near the churches since they often lived far away and travelling conditions were difficult. The church town was the most important meeting place in the parish. People came to High Mass and periods of devotion, to market, court and parish meetings. The Church Town was also a popular place to find a future husband/wife since so many people came together.