1899 American Tourer Automobile
The first automobile to be named the American was made by the American Automobile Company in New York, NY in 1899. Frank Duryea was the designer. He did most of the experimental work at his home in Springfield, MA and was driven on the roads there. He entered the car in the 1899 Herald Trans-Continental Motor Cariage Tour in late July. Also entered was the Duryea car built by the new owners of Duryea Motor Wagon Company, the National Motor Carriage of Madison Ave., NY, NY. The American advertising was very prolific in the Horseless Age Magazine. In late 1899, the name was changed to the Gasmobile and that automobile was made through 1901. Frank Duryea went to Hampden, MA and built the Hampden Automobile in 1901 which he sold to Stevens Arms Mfg. Co,, Chicopee, MA shortly therafter and in 1902 it became the Stevens-Duryea.