San Clemente loggerhead shrike
The San Clemente loggerhead shrike is one of the rarest birds in North America. A sub-species of the more widespread loggerhead shrike, it lives only on San Clemente Island. The Navy has owned and trained at San Clemente Island since 1934.
The San Clemente loggerhead shrike (Lanius ludovicianus mearnsi) is a medium-sized bird with short rounded wings which are slightly shorter than its tail.The most pronounced features of shrike coloration are: the black mask which covers the lores and ocular region of the head; the demarcation between the black flight feathers, white underparts and rump, and gray back; and the patches of white on the wings and tail.
The Navy initiated a recovery effort in 1991 in partnership with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the U.S. Department of Fish and Game, and the San Diego Zoo.
San Clemente Island is the sourthernmost of eight channel islands in the Pacific Ocean off the southern California coast. Located about 75 miles northwest of San Diego, the island is about 21 miles long and 56 square miles in size. (Don Brubaker/for USFWS)