Botton bush, Button Willow, Cephlanthus occidentalis ...#5

Taken on June 11, 2012 , in Waco city, at riverside of Brazos river, Texas state, Southern of America.

 

Vietnamese named :

Common names : Botton bush, Common Bottonbush, Button-willow and Honey-bells.

Scientist name : Cephalanthus occidentalis L.

Synonyms : Cephalanthus occidentalis L. var. californicus Benth.

Cephalanthus occidentalis L. var. pubescens Raf.

Family : Rubiaceae - Madder family . Họ Cà-phê

KingdomPlantae – Plants

SubkingdomTracheobionta – Vascular plants

SuperdivisionSpermatophyta – Seed plants

DivisionMagnoliophyta – Flowering plants

ClassMagnoliopsida – Dicotyledons

SubclassAsteridae

OrderRubiales

GenusCephalanthus L. – buttonbush

SpeciesCephalanthus occidentalis L. – common buttonbush

 

**** plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ceoc2

**** www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=CEOC2

**** www.duke.edu/~cwcook/trees/ceoc2.html

 

**** en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cephalanthus_occidentalis

Cephalanthus occidentalis is a species of flowering plant in the coffee family, Rubiaceae, that is native to eastern and southern North America. Common names include Buttonbush, Common Buttonbush, Button-willow and Honey-bells.

 

Description

 

C. occidentalis is a deciduous shrub or small tree that averages 1–3 m (3.3–9.8 ft) in height, but can reach 6 m (20 ft). The leaves are opposite or in whorls of three, elliptic to ovate, 7–18 cm (2.8–7.1 in) long and 4–10 m (13–33 ft) broad, with a smooth edge and a short petiole. The flowers are arranged in a dense spherical inflorescence 2–3.5 cm (0.79–1.4 in) in diameter on a short peduncle. Each flower has a fused white to pale yellow four-lobed corolla forming a long slender tube connecting to the sepals. The stigma protrudes slightly from the corolla. The fruit is a spherical cluster of achenes (nutlets).

 

Taxonomy

 

There are two varieties, not considered distinct by all authorities:

Cephalanthus occidentalis var. occidentalis (syn. var. pubescens) – Common Buttonbush. Eastern North America from Nova Scotia west to Minnesota and south to Florida and eastern Texas.

Cephalanthus occidentalis var. californicus – California Button-willow. Southwestern North America, from western Texas west to California (Sierra Nevada foothills, San Joaquin Valley, Sacramento Valley, and the Inner North Coast Ranges) and south to Mexico and Central America.

 

Habitat

 

Buttonbush is a common shrub of many wetland habitats in its range, including swamps, floodplains, mangrove, pocosin, riparian zones, and moist forest understory.[3] It is a member of the flora in the Everglades

 

Ecology

 

Waterfowl and other birds eat the seeds. Wood Ducks utilize the plant as nest protection. Deer browse the foliage. Insects and hummingbirds take the nectar, with bees using it to make honey

 

Distribution

 

The species occurs in eastern North America with disjunct populations occurring in the west. In Canada, it occurs from southern Ontario and Quebec east to New Brunswick. Besides the eastern United States, and eastern regions of the Midwest, notable areas range into Arizona, the Mogollon Rim, and other mountain ranges; in California, the entire San Joaquin Valley[5] West of the Great Plains and the Rocky Mountains, only western Texas, Arizona, and California find C. occidentalis.

 

Uses

 

[edit]Medicinal

C. occidentalis has a number of historical medicinal uses, but it is also toxic due to the presence of cephalathin

 

Cultivation

Buttonbush is cultivated as an ornamental plant for a nectar source or 'honey plant' and for aesthetics in gardens and native plant landscapes, and is planted on slopes to help control erosion.

 

San Joaquin Valley landmark tree

 

The town of Buttonwillow, California was named for the Buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis). A lone buttonbush served as a landmark on an old trans-San Joaquin Valley trail, and was used by ancient Yokut Indians as a meeting place. It later became the site of settlers' stock rodeos. This buttonbush tree is listed as California Historical Landmark No. 492, and is now known as the "Buttonwillow Tree.

 

**** www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Cephalanthus+occid... : Click on link to read more, please.

 

Medicinal Uses

 

 

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

 

Astringent; Diaphoretic; Diuretic; Emetic; Febrifuge; Laxative; Odontalgic; Ophthalmic; Tonic.

 

Button bush was often employed medicinally by native North American Indian tribes who used it to treat a range of ailments[257]. It is little used in modern herbalism. A tea made from the bark is astringent, emetic, febrifuge and tonic[61, 222]. A strong decoction has been used to treat diarrhoea and dysentery, stomach complaints, haemorrhages etc[257]. It has been used as a wash for eye inflammations[222]. A decoction of either the roots or the fruits have been used as a laxative to treat constipation[257] The leaves are astringent, diaphoretic, diuretic and tonic[61, 222]. A tea has been used to check menstrual flow and to treat fevers, kidney stones, pleurisy etc[222]. The plant has a folk reputation for relieving malaria[222]. The inner bark has been chewed in the treatment of toothaches[222].

 

Other Uses

Wood.

Wood - light, tough. Of no commercial value[229].

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Taken on June 27, 2012
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