Southern Cross
Nicolette Gray traces the British history of this face to Miller & Richard’s Ornamented No. 9 c1857, notes a German version in 1858 and reports that J. Wood showed a (rare!) lower-case alphabet in 1863.¹ Ubiquitous in its time, it is known today as Southern Cross.

McGrew adds that the Bruce TF (New York) cataloged it as Ornamented 1041;² it was also shown by the Boston TF in 1860. Southern Cross is not to be confused with Cross Gothic, Bruce’s Ornamented No. 1528.

Like so many other recent bubble-bursting “surprises,” two sizes were shown in Hænel’s amazing catalog of 1847! Since Friedrich Bauer attributes Hænel’s success to importation of roman types from TFs in Great Britain and France³ and Gray’s earliest specimen is dated about a decade later, the original design is almost certainly French.

This letterpress typeface has not been digitally archived for posterity. An excellent working specimen is available to revival developers on request.

More about THP revival projects: forums.typeheritage.com/status/
More cool undigitized fonts: forums.typeheritage.com/undigitized/

More updates of Nicolette Gray’s research of 19th-century type trends in Great Britain: forums.typeheritage.com/gray-chart/
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¹Gray, N. (1938): XIXth Century Ornamented Types and Title Pages, pages 186/202. Faber and Faber Limited, London.
²McGrew, M. (1993): American Metal Types of the Twentieth Century (Second, Revised Edition), page 343. Oak Knoll Press, New Castle, DE.
³Bauer, Friedrich (Offenbach 1929); Reichardt, Hans (Frankfurt 2011): Chronik der Schriftgießereien in Deutschland und den deutschsprachigen Nachbarländern. Courtesy of the Klingspor Museum.
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