Lion of Chaeronea, Boeotia, Greece
Battle of Chaeronea, (August 338 BCE), battle in Boeotia, central Greece, in which Philip II of Macedonia defeated a coalition of Greek city-states led by Thebes and Athens. The victory, partly credited to Philip’s 18-year-old son Alexander the Great, cemented the Macedonian hegemony in Greece and ended effective military resistance to Philip in the region.
The battle is commemorated by a statue of a large lion sitting on its haunches. In the Roman period, the monument was believed to mark the resting place of the Sacred Band, a troop of select soldiers, consisting of 150 pairs of male lovers which formed the elite force of the Theban army. Modern excavations found the remains of 254 soldiers underneath the monument; it is therefore generally accepted that this was indeed the grave of the Sacred Band, since it is unlikely that every member was killed.