View from the italiante Orangery (1851-64, Ludwig Persius and Friedrich August Stüler) to the Belvedere on the Klausberg (1770-72).
Sanssouci, the former summer palace of Frederick the Great, King of Prussia, in Potsdam, near Berlin was designed by Georg Wenzeslaus von Knobelsdorff between 1745 and 1747 in Rococo style. The palace's French name translates as "without concerns", meaning "without worries" or "carefree", symbolising that the palace was a place for relaxation rather than a seat of power.
It was built on the brow of a hill at the centre of the park, transformed into terraced vineyards with convex centres to maximise the sun light. On the partitions of the supporting walls, the brickwork is pierced by 168 glazed niches. Below the hill, a Baroque ornamental garden, modelled on the parterre at Versailles, was constructed in 1745. It is bisected by a straight main 2.5 km long axial avenue which runs the length of the park, terminating at the western end at the far more demonstrative New Palace (Neues Palais) from 1769, commenced at the end of the Seven Years' War to celebrate Prussia’s success.
The surrounding greater expanse of the Sanssouci Park is notable for numerous temples and follies built in the same rococo style as the palace itself. Some were small houses, which compensated for the lack of reception rooms in the palace itself, and most form part of unique smaller gardens within the park. The ensemble totals about 15 different, individually styled garden spaces laid out from 1744 until early 1900, making it one of the most diverse gardens, comparable only to the likes of the even more expansive Versailles.