Emiliano Galvan, 1936 Governor of Zia Pueblo

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    Emiliano Galvan, 1936 Governor of Zia Pueblo holding Spanish and Lincoln Canes. Currently viewed as a symbol of New Mexico Pueblo governors' authority,
    the original Lincoln canes were delivered to the Pueblos in 1864, by Dr. Michael Steck, the Superintendent of Indians for the Territory of New Mexico on behalf of President Abraham Lincoln's administration. Canes were previously given to the Pueblo governments by both Spanish and Mexican governments as recognition of the Pueblos' rights to self-governance. Speck delivered similar canes to the Pueblos to demonstrate the United States administration's decision to recognize the Spanish land grants and acknowledge the Pueblos' civil authority in the new federal government system. •
    Canes were given to the governors of 19 Pueblos: Cochiti, Zia, Santa Ana, Santo Domingo, San Felipe, Sandia, Isleta, Jemez, Laguna, Acoma, Zuni, Tesuque,Pojoaque, Nambe, San Ildefonso, Santa Clara, San Juan, Picuris, and Taos. •
    1936 •
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