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Chicago (ILL), Millennium Park, Cloud Gate : " the Bean " Anish Kapoor 2004-06

Source : Wikipédia


Cloud Gate, a public sculpture by Indian-born British artist Anish Kapoor, is the centerpiece of the AT&T Plaza in Millennium Park within the Loop community area of Chicago, Illinois, United States. The sculpture and AT&T Plaza are located on top of Park Grill, between the Chase Promenade and McCormick Tribune Plaza & Ice Rink.


Constructed between 2004 and 2006, the sculpture is nicknamed "The Bean" because of its bean-like shape. Made up of 168 stainless steel plates welded together, its highly polished exterior has no visible seams. It is 33 feet by 66 feet by 42 feet (10 m × 20 m × 13 m), and weighs 110 short tons (100 t; 98 long tons).


Kapoor's design was inspired by liquid mercury and the sculpture's surface reflects and distorts the city's skyline. Visitors are able to walk around and under Cloud Gate's 12-foot (3.7 m) high arch. On the underside is the "omphalos" (Greek for "navel"), a concave chamber that warps and multiplies reflections. The sculpture builds upon many of Kapoor's artistic themes, and is popular with tourists as a photo-taking opportunity for its unique reflective properties.


The sculpture was selected during a design competition. After Kapoor's design was chosen, numerous technological concerns regarding the design's construction and assembly arose, in addition to concerns regarding the sculpture's upkeep and maintenance. Various experts were consulted, some of whom believed the design could not be implemented. Eventually, a feasible method was found, but the sculpture's construction fell behind schedule. It was unveiled in an incomplete form during the Millennium Park grand opening celebration in 2004, before being concealed again while it was completed. Cloud Gate was formally dedicated on May 15, 2006, and has since gained considerable popularity, both domestically and internationally.


french :


La Cloud Gate (littéralement « Porte des nuages ») est une sculpture urbaine de l'artiste britannique Anish Kapoor située dans le Millennium Park dans le secteur communautaire du Loop à Chicago (Illinois, États-Unis).

Pièce centrale de l'AT&T Plaza, elle est située au-dessus du Park Grill et adjacente à la Chase Promenade. Elle fut construite entre 2004 et 2006 avec un dévoilement temporaire lors de l'été 2004. Surnommée The Bean (« Le Haricot ») à cause de sa forme, son extérieur consiste en 168 plaques d'acier inoxydable polies soudées entre elles. Elle est haute de 10 mètres, sa base mesure 20 m × 13 m et elle pèse 99,8 tonnes. Son aspect s'inspire du mercure liquide.

Son extérieur poli reflète et déforme le panorama urbain de la ville. Les visiteurs sont invités à marcher autour et en dessous de l'arche haute de 3,70 m contenant une chambre concave appelée « omphalos » qui multiplie et déforme l'image des spectateurs par réverbérations.


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Taken on June 9, 2010