The Death of General Wolfe at Quebec (1759)
Seven Years' War, 1756-1763
The Seven Years' War began as a conflict in North America between the French and British colonial forces. It spread to the European continent, and is considered to be the first global war.
The initial outbreak of hostilities occurred in 1754, but Britain did not formally declare war May of 1756. Battles were fought throughout the areas that we now know as the northeastern United States, Québec, Nova Scotia and Ontario.
In 1758, the French fort at Louisbourg fell to the British, weakening the French position and marking a turning point in the war.
On September 13, 1759, a British force under General James Wolfe scaled the cliffs of Québec and surprised the French militia under the command of General Louis-Joseph Montcalm.
Both Wolfe and Montcalm died at the Battle of the Plains of Abraham. This battle, which resulted in the fall of Québec, was a decisive victory for the British.
One year later, the British captured Montreal, ending over 200 years of French control in North America. The war continued in Europe for another three years, ending with the Treaty of Paris in 1763, when France formally ceded Canada to the British.
Gift of the Bain family, 2008
Creator: Penny, Edward, 1714-1791; G. Houston; Richard R. Sayer
Rights: Public domain
Courtesy: Toronto Public Library.