The Basilica di Santa Croce in Florence, Italy is the largest Franciscan church in the world. It is known for its chapels decorated with frescoes by Giotto and his students as well as its tombs and cenotaphs. Michelangelo, Galileo, Machiavelli and Rossini are buried there. It was consecrated in 1442 and remodeled over the years.
Galileo was tried by the Inquisition as a result of his writings about heliocentrism. He was forced to recant his views, and spent the remainder of his life under house arrest. Nevertheless, he was buried in Santa Croce.