This is the Daibutsu Den (the house of the Giant Buddha), also known as Todai-ji temple. It is the largest wooden structure in the world. Fire destroyed the building twice. This structure, which was rebuilt in the Edo period (in 1692), was scaled down to two thirds of the original size.
It houses the two gigantic Buddhas, which I posted earlier, plus Bishamon the temple guardian (I did not get a good shot of Bishamon, sorry).