Cuacos de Yuste, Monasterio de Yuste, Carlos I
Charles V (Spanish: Carlos I; Dutch: Karel V; German: Karl V.; Italian: Carlo V; 24 February 1500 – 21 September 1558) was ruler of the Holy Roman Empire from 1519 and, as Charles I, of the Spanish Empire from 1516 until his voluntary retirement and abdication in favor of his younger brother Ferdinand I and his son Philip II in 1556.
Charles was the eldest son of Philip the Handsome and Joanna the Mad. As the heir of three of Europe's leading dynasties—the House of Habsburg of the Habsburg Monarchy; the House of Valois-Burgundy of the Burgundian Netherlands; and the House of Trastámara of the Crowns of Castile and Aragon—he ruled over extensive domains in Central, Western, and Southern Europe; and the Spanish colonies in the Americas and Asia. As Charles was the first king to rule Castile-León and Aragon simultaneously in his own right, he became the first King of Spain. In 1519, Charles became Holy Roman Emperor and Archduke of Austria. He was coronated in Aachen in 1520 (German royal), in Bologna in 1530 (Italian royal). From that point forward spanned his empire nearly four million square kilometers across Europe, the Far East, and the Americas.
Charles retired in 1556. The Habsburg Monarchy passed to Charles' younger brother Ferdinand, whereas the Spanish Empire was inherited by his son Philip II. The two empires would remain allies until the 18th century.