Skyline of Colombo Sri Lanka.
Colombo is the largest city of Sri Lanka. It is located on the west
coast of the island and adjacent to Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte, the
capital of Sri Lanka. Colombo is often referred to as the capital of
the country, since Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte is a satellite city of
Colombo. Colombo is a busy and vibrant city with a mixture of modern
life and colonial buildings and ruins and a population of 647,100.
Due to its large harbour and its strategic position along the East-West sea trade routes, Colombo was known to ancient traders 2,000 years ago. It was made the capital of the island when Sri Lanka was ceded to the British Empire in 1815, and its status as capital was retained when the nation became independent in 1948. In 1978, when administrative functions were moved to Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte, Colombo was designated as the commercial capital of Sri Lanka.