Budapest Art Nouveau. Explored #32
Bedő House, built in 1903. Architect Emil Vidor.
Today a museum and café, and a dwelling-house: House of Hungarian Art Nouveau - A Magyar Szecesszó Háza.
In 1907 the periodical Hungarian Competition (Magyar Pályázat) presents a description of the building with the title: Mr. Béla Bedő's Honvéd Street Palace. The contemporary photos clearly show that the designer, Emil Vidor, took good care of the building’s interior space as well, in the spirit of Gesamtkunstwerk (all objects in the same style).
This powerful unity of the arts and crafts in 1903 was a groundbreaking event in Hungary. The Bedő House was built only six years after the Belgian Victor Horta made his first fully Art Nouveau house, and in the same time with the Scottish architect, Mackintosh's famous arts house.
Even a contemporary description mentions the planned use of specially designed murals, the richly applied stained and ground glass, and generally the special design furnishing of the whole building.
Emil Vidor is the architect of the house (27 March, 1867, Budapest - 8 July, 1952, Budapest). After studying in Budapest, from 1890 he continues his studies in Munich finishing them in Berlin in 1891. Returning home, he is employed by the office of MiklósYbl. From 1894 he is running the planning office for designing the Ősbudavár Building Complex for the Millenneum Exhibition - medieval houses on the area of the today's Amusement Park, in the Városliget. Opening his own office in1896, he is planning apartment blocks and villas for the wealthy.
He builds the first Art Nouveau style house, the Villa-Egger, on Városligeti fasor 24 (City Park Avenue) in 1901-1902. He starts planning for Béla Bedő in 1903, this is when the Bedő House is built, on 3rd Honvéd Street, which is giving home today to the Hungarian Secession House. Although while in Germany he becomes acquainted mainly with the Jugendstil art, the French and Belgian Modern architecture and the Art Nouveau do not remain unknown for him either. One of his most original works the Bedő House shows the influence of Belgian architects Horta and Hankar, but is also influeneced by Hungarian patterns, like the Zsolnay factory's majolicas.
Ornamentation made of Zsolnay pyrogranite ceramics: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyrogranite